The Department of Dermatology at Sri Ramakrishna Hospital has extensive experience treating the entire spectrum of skin conditions. From life-saving electrosurgical treatment for the removal of tumours to advanced cosmetic surgery, we offer patients the very best of skin care. Skin conditions afflict a huge cross-section of people and affect them both physically and psychologically. Our aim is to help patients overcome both physical pain and social inhibitions in order to help them live the fullest and happiest life possible.
This is the single most common skin disorder among children, occurring in between 10% and 20% of all children. Typically, it may affect very young children or babies and can last until the adolescent stage or even adulthood. Atopic dermatitis makes the skin itch, turn scaly and flake. The overwhelming urge to scratch can result in permanent scarring if the child is not restrained. The itching is an ever-present condition and can significantly affect quality of life. There are a host of causes for it and there is no single cure. However, it can be managed and may get better with age.
Generally thought of as just pimples, acne is actually much more. A person suffering from acne may have blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules (pimples), cysts and nodules. It can appear of the face, chest, neck, back, shoulders, buttocks and upper arms. It is a myth that time will make it heal itself. Acne needs attention. If not given attention in time, it can lead to permanent scarring which in turn can result in low self-esteem and depression.
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease which is caused by the body’s defences turning against itself. It usually appears on the outside of the knees, elbows and scalp though it may appear anywhere. The exact cause of psoriasis is unknown although various things seem to trigger it different extents. It causes red patches of abnormal skin with white scales on top. These cause itching and a host of other complications depending on the severity. Contact one of our doctors immediately if you have a skin condition which matches this description and refuses to go away.
Vitiligo is a condition of the skin wherein the body stops producing melanin – the pigment which colours our skin. Basically the cells which producs it stop functioning and die. This causes the skin to lose colour in blotches, resulting in a ‘white’ appearance. Vitiligo can affect any part of the body from the skin to the eyes to the inside of the mouth and so on. There is no fixed rate of change and no cure although the appearance of the skin may be managed.
TREATMENTS & PROCEDURES
Electrosurgery is successfully used for so many conditions in dermatology that it is virtually an everyday procedure. It involves the use of a device called a ‘Bovie’ after it’s inventor. The Bovie is used to cut, dessicate (dry), coagulate (create blood clots) and fulgurate (remove and destroy) tissue across the body. It is used to remove skin lesions, non-cancerous moles, warts, non-cancerous moles and even squamous cell carcinomas and small tumours of less than 0.2 inches in size. Electrosurgery is also used to treat and remove angiomas and pyogenic granulomas. It is used for acne treatment and even scar revision.
As the name indicates, these are procedures which focus on improving the patient’s aesthetic appeal (help them look good). There are a whole host of cosmetic procedures which can be used to improve a person’s appearance such as laser skin resurfacing (removal of wrinkles in the face using lasers), liposuction (removal of excess fat which do not respond to diet or exercise), botox (the common name for botulinum toxin therapy which is used to soften wrinkles), wrinkle fillers (injecting of a substance to give a more plump, youthful appearance to part of the body) and so on. The treatment which is ideal for a person varies and we recommend scheduling an appointment with one of our doctors for a full evaluation.
These are injections of corticosteroids directly into a lesion which is either on or just underneath the skin. Intralesional injections are prescribed for a number of skin conditions such as alopecia areata, keloids/hypertrophic scars, granuloma annulare, cutaneous sarcoidosis, hypertropic lichen planus, acne cysts, inflammatory skin diseases and so on.
In the skin biopsy, a sample of skin tissue is removed for detailed examination. Many techniques are used in order to obtain a skin biopsy. They vary depending on the location and size of the abnormality on the skin. A shave biopsy is done by shaving off a growth with a scalpel under local anaesthetic. A punch biopsy uses a special tool to remove a circular piece of skin under local anaesthetic. Excision is the removal of the entire lesion under local anaesthetic. The samples are then sent for analysis. Biopsies are mostly done for diagnosis of skin cancer, skin conditions (such as psoriasis) and bacterial and fungal infections.
Dr. K. Sivasankari
MON- SAT | 09 :00 AM – 01.30 PM