Hepatitis B causes a severe liver infection known as hepatitis B. (HBV). Some individuals develop chronic hepatitis B infection, which lasts longer than six months. Chronic hepatitis B raises the chance of developing liver failure, liver cancer, and cirrhosis, a condition that causes irreversible liver scarring.
The majority of adults with hepatitis B recover completely, even if their symptoms are severe. Children and infants are especially susceptible to developing a chronic hepatitis B infection.
Types of hepatitis B infection can include:
Acute hepatitis infection:
You have an acute infection when you initially become infected with hepatitis B. Numerous individuals are able to eliminate it from their bodies and heal. This is true for roughly four out of five affected adults.
Chronic hepatitis infection:
It’s considered chronic hepatitis B if the infection cannot be eliminated within six months. (Chronic means persistent.) Chronic hepatitis B is the cause of inflammation and the potentially fatal diseases cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer.
Understanding the major signs of hepatitis B:
Some infected individuals never feel unwell. Others newly infected with the virus experience symptoms that last several weeks. The following signs and symptoms, which can be moderate or severe, are to be expected:
- Achy muscles or joints.
- Stomach pain.
- Loss of appetite.
- Mild fever.
- Loose stool (diarrhea).
- Lack of energy.
- Having yellow skin or eyes (jaundice).
- Being sick to your stomach.
- Brown urine.
Over ninety percent of adults who contract hepatitis B eventually recover from their symptoms.
What are the causes that can lead to the infection?
Viral infection with hepatitis B is the most common cause of hepatitis B. (HBV). The virus is transmitted from individual to individual through blood, sperm, and other bodily fluids. Sneezing or coughing cannot spread it.
Common methods of HBV transmission include:
Unprotected Sexual contact:
You may contract hepatitis B if you have unprotected sexual contact with an infected individual. If the person’s blood, saliva, sperm, or vaginal fluids reach your body, you may contract the virus.
Mother to child:
Infected pregnant women can transmit HBV to their infants during childbirth. However, the infant can be immunized to prevent infection in virtually all instances. Discuss with your best doctor for hepatitis b if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant.
Sharing of needles:
Blood-contaminated needles and syringes facilitate the spread of HBV.
Diagnosis to confirm the HBV infection:
Your physician will evaluate you for symptoms of liver disease, such as yellowing skin or abdominal pain. The following tests can aid in the diagnosis of hepatitis b or its complications:
Blood Tests to confirm HBV infection:
Blood tests can detect the presence of the hepatitis B virus and determine whether the infection is acute or chronic. A simple blood test can also indicate whether an individual is immune to the disease.
Liver ultrasound to understand the level of severity:
Transient elastography, a specialized ultrasound, can determine the extent of liver injury.
Liver Biopsy for further testing of HBV infection:
Your physician may take a small sample of your liver for testing (liver biopsy) in order to detect liver damage. During this test, your physician inserts a thin needle through your skin and into your liver, then extracts a sample of liver tissue for laboratory analysis.
Best treatments for hepatitis b that are available:
Unless severe, acute hepatitis does not require liver infection treatment. Blood tests are used to monitor liver and other physiological functioning. You should obtain ample rest, drink plenty of fluids, and consume nutritious foods.
Some chronic hepatitis patients may be treated with antiviral medications. These medications can reduce or eliminate hepatitis B in the blood. They also lessen the likelihood of developing cirrhosis and liver cancer.
It is not always obvious who should receive medication therapy for chronic hepatitis B and when liver infection treatment should begin. You have a greater chance of receiving these medications if:
- Your liver function is rapidly deteriorating.
- You develop signs of chronic liver disease.
- You have elevated HBV levels in your blood.
- You are pregnant.
If your liver has been badly damaged, you may be eligible for a liver transplant. Your damaged liver is removed and replaced with a healthy liver during a liver transplant. A limited fraction of transplanted livers originate from living donors who have donated a portion of their livers.
Can HBV infection be prevented?
The hepatitis B vaccine is one of the most effective means of disease control. It is secure, efficient, and widely accessible. Since 1982, more than one billion doses of the vaccine have been delivered worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the vaccination is 98 to 100 percent effective against the infection. Newborns must be vaccinated. Reach out to the best liver infection treatment in Coimbatore if you are looking for hepatitis treatment.