The lumbar spine, or low back, is made up of bones, joints, nerves, ligaments, and muscles that work together to provide support, strength, and flexibility. However, this complicated structure makes the low back more likely to get hurt and hurt.
What might possibly go wrong with the lower back?
The low back supports the upper body’s weight and allows you to bend and twist when you do things like that every day. Muscles in the low back move and rotate the hips as you walk and keep the spine in place. Sensory and motor power come from nerves in the low back. They also move muscles in the pelvis, legs, and feet.
Most acute low back pain is caused by damage to the muscles, ligaments, joints, or discs. This is how the body also responds to an injury. It starts an inflammatory healing process. Inflammation may sound small, but it can cause a lot of pain.
There is a lot of nerve supply to many of the discs, muscles, ligaments, and other parts of the spine, and it can be challenging for the brain to figure out which part of the spine is the source of the pain.
This is because both can cause inflammation and painful muscle spasm in the same place. People who have a torn disc may or may not get better quickly. In order to figure out what caused the pain, look at how long it lasts.
Lower back pain can be indicated by the following warning signs:
As the cause of the pain changes, symptoms can be felt in a variety of ways. As an example:
- Pain that is dull or achy, only in the low back.
- A stinging or burning pain spreads from the low back to the backs of the thighs and sometimes into the lower legs or feet. It can also be numb or tingly (sciatica)
- aches and pains in the low back, pelvis, and hip joints.
- Pain that gets worse after a long time sitting or standing
- Standing up straight, walking, or going from standing to sitting can be challenging for some people.
Lower back pain causes
Continuously straining the lower back:
The ligaments in the backbone can lead to stretch or tear if you do too much. Pain and stiffness in the lower back and muscle spasms are some of the signs. Rest and physical therapy are good ways to treat these symptoms.
Ruptured discs can happen when the cartilage protects the spinal cord and nerve roots slip or slide out of the disc and into the spinal cord or nerve roots. The cushion that goes between the spinal vertebrae is out of place. Coimbatore ortho hospital provides the most advanced back procedures.
Spinal stenosis is when the spinal column gets smaller, which puts pressure on the spinal cord and spinal nerves. This can cause pain.
In most cases, the discs between the vertebrae break down over time. This is the most significant reason of spinal stenosis. The nerve roots or spinal cord are squeezed because of bone spurs or soft tissues, like discs.
Lower back pain treatment
Your doctor may be able to help you with your lower back pain with a lot of different things. In general, your doctor will take a step-by-step approach to take care of your health. That is, you should begin with easy, low-cost treatments and then progress to more aggressive treatments later. People should keep in mind that many lower back pain remedies take a while to work.
Passive and active therapies are used in PT for lower back pain. They help the patient build core muscle strength, correct posture, etc.
Two or more vertebrae are permanently joined together to stop the spine from moving too much. To hold the vertebrae together until they recover into a single unit, your surgeon will use a combination of bone, bonelike material, screws, plates, and rods.
Spinal fusion may be done to address spinal abnormalities or make the spine more stable in persons with a lot of spinal osteoarthritis or ruptured discs.
Laminectomy and laminotomy:
Laminectomy is a surgery in which your doctor removes the back part of one or more vertebrae to make more room for the spinal cord or other nerves to move around. The bone spurs in the spinal canal can get big enough to put pressure on the spinal cord, which can cause pain and make it hard to move.
This can happen to people with severe arthritis. If you have a laminotomy procedure, your doctor will cut off a small piece of bone from behind one of your vertebrae. This bone is called the lamina, and your doctor will cut it off. Reach out to the back pain treatment in Coimbatore to undergo advanced back pain treatment.
There are two types of back pain: acute and long-term. Acute back pain can last a couple of days to a few weeks. Most back pain is short-term. As long as you take good care of yourself, it usually goes away on its own in a few days. It takes a few months for the symptoms to go away in some cases.