How to get rid of interstitial cystitis?

interstitial cystitis - Sriramakrishnahospital

A common symptom of chronic interstitial cystitis is pain and irritation in the bladder and pelvis. As a result of the inflammation and irritation of the bladder walls, the bladder becomes extremely sensitive. There are many options for interstitial cystitis treatment, ranging from a strict diet to surgery.

Symptoms of interstitial cystitis include increased bladder pressure, discomfort during urinating, and even pain in the lower abdomen. There is a wide spectrum of discomfort, from a faint ache to excruciating agony. The illness falls under the umbrella of a group of disorders referred to as painful bladder syndrome.

A hollow, muscular organ, the bladder, holds pee. Once your bladder is full, it sends a signal to your brain via the pelvic nervous system that it’s time to go. Most people feel the need to urinate as a result of this.

The warning signs of interstitial cystitis can include:

There is no one-size-fits-all approach to diagnosing and treating interstitial cystitis. Your symptoms may also change over time, with flare-ups in response to frequent triggers, including menstruation, sitting for long periods of time, stress and physical activity, and sexual activity.

  • Female pelvic or anus pain is common in women.
  • Men’s scrotum-to-anus (perineum) discomfort
  • A persistent pelvic ache.
  • a constant and pressing need to relieve one’s bladder
  • Continuous urine, even if it is just a few drops at a time (up to 60 times a day)
  • Relieved after urinating from pain or discomfort while the bladder is full.
  • Pain caused by intercourse

Stages involved in interstitial cystitis condition:

There are three major stages involved in the medical conditions, which can make the condition go from mild to extremely severe.

Mild interstitial  stage: 

Interstitial cystitis is often misdiagnosed because of its vague, moderate, and sporadic symptoms. Interstitial cystitis begins with frequent urination and mild bladder discomfort. Flare-ups might make it difficult to enjoy a sexual relationship. During this period, mild and brief symptoms are prevalent.

Moderate interstitial stage:

The symptoms of interstitial cystitis worsen as the condition worsens. Urination may occur as frequently as every hour, and the urge to urinate may get more and more frequent. Pain cycles happen quickly and can be extremely painful. Painful flare-ups lasting three to fourteen days may occur after intercourse. The bladder and pelvic region may be experiencing pressure and pain.

Severe interstitial stage:

Frequent flare-ups are common in severe interstitial cystitis, which can linger for weeks or months. Having a sexual relationship can be excruciatingly uncomfortable, with painful flare-ups. As the condition worsens, incontinence sets in. Chronic cystitis symptoms are often worsened in the days leading up to and during the menstrual cycle for women. Damage to the bladder wall can cause a decrease in bladder capacity.

What can be the major cause of interstitial cystitis?

Many variables are thought to play a role in the development of interstitial cystitis. The bladder’s protective lining (epithelium) may also be defective in persons with interstitial cystitis. Your bladder wall may be irritated by hazardous compounds in your urine if the epithelium is leaking.

An autoimmune reaction, a hereditary condition, an infection, or an allergy are also speculative but conceivable causes.

Diagnosis involved in identifying the condition:


A biopsy may be taken from the bladder and urethra for further testing because of the anesthetic used during the procedure. This is to rule out more uncommon causes of bladder pain, such as cancer of the bladder.

Examination of the pelvis: 

Examining your vagina and cervix, and your internal pelvic organs is a primary goal of a pelvic exam. Your doctor may also check your rectum and anus.


Cystoscopy is a procedure in which a small camera (cystoscope) is inserted via the urethra to view the bladder lining. Your doctor may measure the bladder capacity of your bladder by injecting a liquid into your bladder. After anaesthetic medicine has been administered, your doctor may perform hydrodistention, which is a bladder pain syndrome treatment that helps you feel more at ease.

Interstitial cystitis can be cured by following these steps:

There are a plethora of options for dealing with it. No one can predict which patients will benefit most from a given treatment. The chronic cystitis symptoms can worsen or go away. Symptoms may reappear after a few days, weeks, months, or even years, even if they have disappeared.

Balanced diet to treat interstitial cystitis:

There are a plethora of options for dealing with it. No one can predict which patients will benefit most from a given treatment. The signs and symptoms of IC/PBS can worsen or go away. Symptoms may reappear after a few days, weeks, months, or even years, even if they have disappeared. Consult the best urology hospital in Coimbatore to find immediate relief.

Physical therapy:

IC/PBS patients may find relief from their symptoms through regular physical activity and exercise.

Stress reduction to relieve interstitial cystitis: 

People with IC/PBS may experience flare-ups and symptoms as a result of stress. IC/PBS sufferers may find it easier to cope by practicing relaxation techniques and setting aside time to unwind.

Bladder retraining in interstitial cystitis: 

Even if the bladder is not full, a person with bladder pain can develop a habit of going to the bathroom as soon as they sense pain or urgency. Consequently, the body may become accustomed to frequent restroom breaks. Bladder retraining is a treatment that aims to help you hold your urine for extended periods of time in an effort to break this bad habit.

It’s easy to mistake interstitial cystitis for something more serious, such as a recurring urinary tract infection because the symptoms are similar. Like a urinary tract infection, interstitial cystitis can have long-term negative effects on a person’s quality of life if left untreated.

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