The disorder is referred to as urethritis and causes irritation and inflammation of the urethra, the tube that conducts urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. The male urethra also allows the passage of sperm.
Pain during urinating and an increased need to urinate are typical symptoms of urethritis. Typically, a bacterial infection is the main cause of urethritis.
A urinary tract infection and urethritis are not the same thing (UTI). A UTI is an infection of the urinary system, whereas urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra. Despite sharing some symptoms, they might need to be treated using a different approach depending on what caused their urethritis in the first place.
Every age group is affected by urethritis. This medical illness can affect both men and women. Males are less likely than girls to get the illness, nevertheless. This is partially due to men’s urethras, which are significantly longer than women’s and measure the length of the penis. The average urethra length for women is 1.5 inches. As a result, bacteria can enter the urethra more easily.
Major signs that indicate in both men and women
Pain when urinating is the primary sign of urethra inflammation caused by urethritis (dysuria). Symptoms of urethritis, in addition to discomfort, include:
Signs of urethritis in Men
One or more of the symptoms listed below may be experienced by males with urethritis:
- Urinating with a burning sensation
- The area around the penis’ entrance itches or burns
- Blood present in the pee or sperm
- Dissolution of the penis
Signs of urethritis in Women
Women may have the following signs of urethritis:
- Higher frequency of urination urges
- Severe trouble while urinating
- Discomfort or burning at the urethral opening
Along with the symptoms of the urinary system, abnormal vaginal discharge may also be present.
Additionally, those who have urethritis could not exhibit any symptoms at all. For women specifically, this is true. If the urethritis in men resulted from chlamydia or occasionally trichomoniasis infection, symptoms might not be noticeable.
It’s crucial to get tested if you think you may have a sexually transmitted infection for this reason (STI). Consult the best urologist in Coimbatore to undergo urethritis treatment.
Causative factors that can lead to urethritis condition:
Urethritis can be brought on by viruses or bacteria. E. coli, chlamydia, and gonorrhoea are a few of the microorganisms that contribute to this illness. Additionally, several sexually transmitted diseases and urinary tract infections are brought on by these bacteria. Herpes simplex virus and CMV are viral culprits.
- Intolerance to the ingredients in spermicides, foams, or jellies used as birth control
Risk factors can include:
- Age 20 to 35
- Multiple sexual partners
- Risky sexual activity (such as men having unprotective sex)
- Sexually transmitted illness history
Is urethritis a contagious condition?
Although urethritis itself is not communicable, the infections that lead to it can be. You should get treated for the STI if it is the cause of your urethritis. You ought to treat your partner or partners fairly. If only one of you receives treatment, the infection will continue to spread between you.
Diagnostic procedures that helps in identifying the condition:
You’ll be questioned by your doctor about your symptoms. They’ll probably also look for any indicators of a STI as well as discharge, discomfort, ulcers, and other genital conditions. This may aid in the urethritis diagnosis.
They may request tests to examine urine samples or vaginal or urethral swabs. There will probably be a test that can help the doctor confirm or rule out a specific STI if they have a suspicion. Blood tests can be used to check for syphilis and HIV as well as other STIs.
Test results can be sent to you in as little as a few days, depending on your doctor and their lab. In addition to letting you know whether your partner has to be tested and treated as well, this enables them to begin your treatment as soon as feasible. Speak to your doctor to understand urethritis treatment in males.
Understanding the complications that can lead in case urethritis is not treated:
Often, urethritis can be easily treated with medication. However, if the infection is left untreated, the consequences could be serious and long-lasting. For instance, the infection may extend to the ureters, kidneys, and bladder, as well as other components of the urinary tract. These infections themselves can be painful.
Although they are treatable with more thorough rounds of antibiotics, if left untreated for too long, they can harm the organs. These infections, if left untreated, have the potential to spread to the circulation and cause sepsis, which can be fatal. Reach out to the specialist to avail urethra pain treatment in Coimbatore to avoid complications.
Prevention tips that can help in avoiding the condition:
Your chance of getting urethritis can be decreased by:
- Practise safe sex and limit the amount of partners you have sexual relations with in order to prevent STIs.
- STI testing on a frequent basis if you engage in sexual activity
- Staying away from substances that could irritate your urethra.
- Stay away from activities that could irritate your urethra.