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What is referred to as Cervix?

The cervix is the lower end of the uterus. The cervix leads to the vagina from the uterus.

The cervix - a passageway:

Cervix is that part of the female reproductive system that undergoes maximum wear and tear. The cervix is tightly closed during pregnancy to keep the baby inside the uterus, and at the time of delivery the cervix opens up to pass the baby through it.

  • During a gynecologic examination, the portion of the cervix that is visible from within the vagina is known as the ectocervix. The external os is an aperture in the centre of the ectocervix.
  • The area where the endocervix and ectocervix overlap is known as the transition zone. This is where any tumor originates from.

The signs that might help indicate a Cervical Cancer:

Cervical cancer normally doesn't cause symptoms until late in its course, therefore many women who have it are unaware they have it. It is easy to mistake symptoms for common diseases like menstrual cycles and urinary tract infections when they do appear (UTIs).

The following symptoms are typical with cervical cancer:

  • Abnormal heavy bleeding, such as between cycles, following sex, or following menopause
  • A burning sensation while urinating
  • A change in the appearance or smell of vaginal discharge
  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Inflammation of the pelvic region

Abnormal bleeding of vagina:

Bleeding after vaginal intercourse
Bleeding and spotting between periods
Bleeding after pelvic examination
Bleeding even after menopause

Stages of Cervical Cancer can be segregated as:

STAGE

01 The cancer has spread from the cervix lining into the deeper tissue but is still just located in the uterus. It has not spread to other sections of the body.

STAGE

03 There is a tumor in the lower portion of the vagina, and/or it has spread to the pelvic wall, causing a swelling of the kidney, known as hydronephrosis, or stops a kidney from working.

STAGE

02 Cancer has progressed to other parts of the pelvic area, such as the vagina or tissue around the cervix, but it remains within this area. The cancer hasn't spread to any other sections of the body yet.

STAGE

04The malignancy has migrated into the bladder or rectum or outside the actual pelvis or developed metastatic cancer spreads.

Diagnostic procedures and stages of the Cervical Cancer:

Cervical cancer can be detected by a variety of methods. Not everyone will be subjected to all of the procedures outlined in this document. Your doctor can use any or all of these tests as per your need.

Treatment of Pre-Malignant Lesions:

Treating the pre-malignant lesions appropriately will avert the progression to frank malignancy. Pre-malignant conditions can be treated by medical or laser excision or less invasive surgery.

The treatment options that are available to treat Cervical Cancer include:

Prevention of Cervical Cancer and detection of precancerous lessions:

A bi or bi-annual gynecological checkup and screening for precancerous lesions and HPV infection risk should be required for all women, but it is especially important for those who are married or started sexual life whichever the earliest.

Three early detection methods are currently available: superadded with HPV test, PAP (Papanicolaou) test, and acetic acid visual inspection (VIA).

Who need not undergo screening for Cervical Cancer?

  • Women younger than 21 years or not married.
  • Women older than 65 years who have had enough prior screening, with normal findings, and who are not otherwise at high risk for cervical cancer
  • Women who have had a total hysterectomy (surgical to remove the uterus and cervix) and have no history of high-grade cervical lesions or cervical cancer

What is referred to as Cervical Cancer?

Precancerous cells begin to form in the transition zone of your cervix. Although not all precancerous cells will develop into cancer, early detection and treatment of these cells are crucial in the fight against cervical cancer.

Before cancer appears in the cervix, the cells of the cervix go through several changes called dysplasia. Cervical dysplasia can progress to cervical cancer if left untreated. These cancer-causing cells can be stopped in their tracks if you catch them early enough and get them treated.

What are the major types of Cervical Cancer, major of them include:

Malignancies of the cervix are classified based on their microscopic appearance in the laboratory. Carcinomas are the most common kinds of cervical cancer. Other rare types can include sarcomas, lymphomas, and secondaries.

What are the major causes of Cervical Cancer?

Anything that increases the chances of getting a disease is referred to as a risk factor. Having a risk factor doesn’t mean you are affected with cervical cancer.

The significant risk factors that might trigger the condition can include:
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
  • Deficiency of the immune system/HIV infection
  • Smoking
  • Age
  • Oral contraceptive

FAQ Questions? Answered!

Cancer of the cervix can migrate to lymph nodes between the hip bones (pelvis). Additionally, cancer cells can prevent lymph fluid from draining. This may result in leg edema owing to fluid retention.
Symptoms of cervical cancer include abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as bleeding during or after sex, between periods or after menopause, or having heavier periods than usual.
The objective of cervical cancer screening is to identify precancerous changes that, if left untreated, may progress to malignancy. In settings with limited resources, the target audience consists of women aged 30 to 49, as cervical cancer is uncommon in women under 30 and most prevalent in women over 40.
Pap tests search for abnormal cells in the cervix that are on the verge of becoming cancerous. During your regular pelvic check, your gynaecologist will perform a Pap test. It is quick and painless procedure.
There may be a slight burning feeling. A solution of iodine can be used to coat the cervix. It is known as the Schiller test. The sort of biopsy performed depends on the abnormal cells' size, shape, and location.
Cervical cancer treatment in Coimbatore costs vary depending on various aspects, including the stage of disease, the precise treatment plan, the healthcare practitioner or facility, and the needs of the individual patient.

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Our Department of Oncology has treated over 20,000+ patients with cervical cancer over the last 49 years. Our highly experienced cancer specialists will ensure you receive the best cervical cancer treatment in Coimbatore.

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