2021 Breakthroughs in Diabetes Care

Diabetes Care - Sri Ramakrishna Hospital

Diabetes is a common yet severe disease, and it requires lifelong commitment and care. Researchers keep looking for new options to modify treatment and manage blood glucose efficiently. Remarkable breakthroughs have promised relief to diabetic patients and physicians treating them in recent years.

Recent Advances

Protection of Pancreatic Beta Cells 

The stress caused due to injecting cells induces cell death and triggers the natural immune system. Hence, the researchers have not been successful in the cell transplantation method. However, a new finding shows that trapping pancreatic islets in a multilayer hydrogel nanofilm is effective because it allows insulin and waste to move out without obstructing oxygen flow. The study is in its early stages. Yet, it’s exciting since the cell-based therapy may also support immunoisolation.

Adjunctive Therapy

Studies show glucokinase activators do not target pancreatic beta cells, so the therapy is potentially effective for people with type 1 diabetes. Interestingly, these activators are already in use in type 2  diabetes treatment.

The COVID – 19 Connection

Many researchers are trying to find the potential impact of coronavirus on diabetes. Early findings suggest that the SARS-CoV-2 virus might reduce insulin production and lead to pancreatic beta-cell destruction, just like in diabetes. Further studies are underway to determine more about the impact of COVID-19. The more we understand, the better prepared we will be.
If the latest findings move in the right direction, we should get new treatment options for individuals with type 1 diabetes soon

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