Alzheimer’s may not have a complete cure, but several treatment options are available to slow the disease progression and treat the associated symptoms. Understanding the available options can help the people living with this disease and the caregivers deal with the symptoms and augment the quality of their lives.
Few medicines are usually prescribed to Alzheimer’s patients to improve their symptoms. These include:
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) Inhibitors
They increase acetylcholine levels which help the nerve cells to communicate with each other in a better way. However, only specialists, including neurologists and psychiatrists, can prescribe them. You can consult Famous Neurologist In Coimbatore to take the best medicine and cure the disease.
Other medicines such as Donepezil, Rivastigmine, and Galantamine are prescribed for patients with early or mid-stage Alzheimer’s. Though all these AChE inhibitors work similarly, some people respond better to certain medications or have fewer side effects such as nausea or loss of appetite.
This medicine helps to block the effects of excessive chemicals in the brain known as glutamate. It is prescribed to patients with severe or moderate Alzheimer’s disease. It is also suitable for patients with severe cases of Alzheimer’s who are already on AChE inhibitors.
Medicines to Treat BPSD
In the later stages, many patients develop BPSD (Behavioral & Psychological Symptoms of Dementia), including symptoms like agitation, anxiety, aggression, hallucinations, etc. For easing such symptoms, antipsychotic medicines like haloperidol or risperidone are prescribed.
Cognitive Stimulation Therapy
This therapy involves taking part in exercises and group activities aimed at improving problem-solving skills and memory.
This therapy involves working with occupational therapists to achieve personal goals such as using mobile phones or other similar tasks.