Premature birth treatment is necessary if the baby is born before or at the 37th week of pregnancy. Preterm care is necessary to address breathing problems, heart problems, blood problems, and problems of the immune system. The baby requires special care in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit by neonatologists and expert nursing staff.
Around 84 percent of preterm infants are born between the 32nd and 36th weeks of pregnancy. The baby born before or atthe 28th week of pregnancy is an 'extremely preterm infant'. A neonatologist may consider multiple tests to assess thecondition of the baby. Some of these tests may be necessary to detect potential complications. These may include bloodtests, heart rate monitoring, fluid input and output, ECG, and an ultrasound scan.
Preterm care involves round-the-clock monitoring and appraisal of health parameters at a neonatalintensive care unit (NICU). The exclusive care options are:
Rapid loss of body heat is prevalent in extreme prematurity. It may cause the condition known as hypothermia. An incubator helps maintain the body temperature at the proper level. The infant may have to stay in an incubator until the baby can sustain the body temperature without support.
Preterm infant requires seamless monitoring of temperature, blood pressure, breathing, and heart rate. Using sensors and a ventilator is necessary for maintaining normal levels of vital signs.
Replenishing body fluids and maintaining normal levels of sodium (Na) and (K) are essential to fulfill the neonate’s fluid requirements. They give intravenous fluids initially, followed by a feeding tube to achieve normal fluid levels and other nutrients.
During preterm birth treatments, frequently drawing blood samples for tests results in blood loss. Using blood transfusion therapy helps raise the blood volume.
Rise in bilirubin levels is common in neonates. Breaking down excess bilirubin is necessary to prevent neonatal jaundice. Bilirubin light therapy reduces the excess bilirubin because a preterm baby cannot process it.
Medication helps encourage maturing and boosts respiration, circulation, and other vital functions. These medicines are intravenous infusions, injectables, and aerosols.
Extreme prematurity may require surgery to resolve certain complications. The decision to perform a surgical procedure depends upon the severity of complications.
Our Department of Neonatology has treated over 20,000+ preterm babies with extreme prematurity over the last 47 years.Our highly experienced Neonatologists will ensure your precious child receives the Best extreme prematurity treatment in Coimbatore.
Our highly experienced Neonatologists have immense experience in providing the bestextreme prematurity treatment in Coimbatore.
Dr. Siddartha Buddhavarapu is a Consultant Neonatologist of the Department of Neonatology at Sri Ramakrishna Hospital. He has over 13 years of experience and is an expert in treating extreme preterm babies, (as small as 24 weeks) complete surgical & Cardiac conditions.
Dr. Suja Mariam is a Consultant Neonatologist of the Department of Neonatology at Sri Ramakrishna Hospital. She has over 10 years of experience and has an expertise in managing extreme preterm neonates upto 23 weeks of gestation.
It was devastating for me to know that I had given birth to a preterm baby boy. My joy of motherhood was short-lived. However, the competent staff and highly qualified neonatologists at Sri Ramakrishna Hospital reassured me and took utmost care of the baby. I can’t thank them enough for saving my child.
My baby was born prematurely and was very weak. The compassionate staff at Sri Ramakrishna Hospital took excellent care of the baby with remarkable expertise. The hospital has the latest NICU facilities with round-the-clock availability of pediatricians and nurses. Needless to mention, my baby is doing fine now.
What are the common signs of preterm birth?
When is a preterm baby ready to go home following treatment?
Important indicators of recovery are a steady gain in weight and breastfeeding. The preterm infant should breathe with no outside support and maintain normal body temperature. The baby can go home after assessing these parameters.
What are the risk factors of the premature birth of a baby?
The presence of twins or a shorter interval between two deliveries can cause prematurity. IVF treatments, uterine problems, and lifestyle diseases like diabetes are few risk factors for premature birth. Lack of proper nutrition during pregnancy or infections of the reproductive system are also some of the risk factors.
What long-term complications are possible in extreme prematurity?
A premature infant is more prone to suffering from chronic infections than a full-term baby. The baby may also have problems with development, hearing, or vision. Dental problems such as improper tooth alignment, delay in the eruption of teeth, and discoloration are common long-term complications in preterm babies.
Is it possible to prevent preterm birth?
Preventive measures may be possible if we know the risk factors. Administration of hormone or corticosteroid therapy during pregnancy in high-risk mothers may prevent preterm birth.
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