The cervix is the lower end of the uterus. The cervix leads to the vagina from the uterus.
Cervix is that part of the female reproductive system that undergoes maximum wear and tear. The cervix is tightly closed during pregnancy to keep the baby inside the uterus, and at the time of delivery the cervix opens up to pass the baby through it.
Cervical cancer normally doesn't cause symptoms until late in its course, therefore many women who have it are unaware they have it. It is easy to mistake symptoms for common diseases like menstrual cycles and urinary tract infections when they do appear (UTIs).
01 The cancer has spread from the cervix lining into the deeper tissue but is still just located in the uterus. It has not spread to other sections of the body.
03 There is a tumor in the lower portion of the vagina, and/or it has spread to the pelvic wall, causing a swelling of the kidney, known as hydronephrosis, or stops a kidney from working.
02 Cancer has progressed to other parts of the pelvic area, such as the vagina or tissue around the cervix, but it remains within this area. The cancer hasn't spread to any other sections of the body yet.
04The malignancy has migrated into the bladder or rectum or outside the actual pelvis or developed metastatic cancer spreads.
Cervical cancer can be detected by a variety of methods. Not everyone will be subjected to all of the procedures outlined in this document. Your doctor can use any or all of these tests as per your need.
A simple, out-patient clinic procedure to visualize the cervix and vagina.
A colposcopy may be used to look for any abnormalities in the cervix. A colposcopy can also be performed to help guide a biopsy of the cervix (see below) (see below). A unique equipment known as a colposcope is used during a colposcopy. When using the colposcope, a woman's cervix and vagina are magnified to the point where they may be seen clearly. It provides a magnified picture of the vagina and cervix to the doctor.
When a small sample of tissue is removed and examined under a microscope, this is referred to as a biopsy. While other tests may hint that cancer is present, only a biopsy provides conclusive proof of the presence of the disease.
During a colposcopy, the doctor will use ECC if they wish to inspect the inner part of the cervix that cannot be seen. During this procedure, the doctor uses a curette, a little spoon-shaped instrument, to scrape a small quantity of tissue from inside the cervical hole.
A small wire hook is used in LEEP to conduct an electrical current. The hook is used to extract tissue for laboratory analysis. LEEP can sometimes be utilized to remove a precancerous lesion.
In this procedure, a cone-shaped portion of tissue is removed from the cervix and sent for testing. A precancer or a very early stage of cancer can be treated by conization. It can be performed in a doctor's office or a hospital under a general or local anaesthetic.
An x-ray is a technique that uses a small quantity of radiation to provide an image of the inside structures of the body. X-rays of the kidneys and bladder are obtained via intravenous urography.
CT scans use x-rays gathered from various angles to create images of the interior of the body. A computer then processes these images together to create a three-dimensional image that displays any anomalies or malignancies. The tumor's size can be determined via a CT scan. Sometimes, a specific dye called a contrast medium is administered before the scan to produce enhanced detail on the image.
This procedure employs magnetic fields rather than x-rays to obtain detailed images of the body. An MRI can be performed to determine the tumor's dimensions. Before the scan, a specific dye known as a contrast medium is administered to enhance the clarity of the image. There are a variety of ways to provide this dye, including intravenous injection and oral administration.
Treating the pre-malignant lesions appropriately will avert the progression to frank malignancy. Pre-malignant conditions can be treated by medical or laser excision or less invasive surgery.
During surgery, the tumor and some healthy tissue surrounding it are removed. Surgical cancer center in Coimbatore strives to offer the best surgical procedures. These techniques are frequently used to treat cervical cancer that has not progressed beyond the cervix
The cervix is removed surgically, while the uterus remains in place. In this procedure, lymph nodes in the pelvic region, may or may not be removed, provided lesion is strictly less than 2 cm. Young people who desire to protect their fertility may benefit from this procedure.
Removes the uterus and cervix from the body Simple or extensive hysterectomy options exist. The uterus and cervix are both removed in a straightforward hysterectomy. Extensive hysterectomy abiding by oncological principles is the best option for early-stage cervical cancers.
External-beam radiation therapy, or EBRRT, is the most frequent form of radiation therapy and is administered by a machine called linear accelerator. Internal radiation therapy, also known as brachytherapy, is a form of radiation therapy that uses implants to deliver radiation. Radiation therapy schedules often include a combination of external and internal radiation treatments administered over a certain period. Radiotherapy in Coimbatore assists in providing the best treatment for cervical cancer.
Cancer cells are killed with chemotherapy by preventing them from growing, dividing, and producing new cells. Platinum-based chemotherapy is preferred for cervical cancers.
If the cancers cannot be operated on, then the treatment of choice is chemoradiation. Chemotherapy is concurrently given weekly during external radiation.
A bi or bi-annual gynecological checkup and screening for precancerous lesions and HPV infection risk should be required for all women, but it is especially important for those who are married or started sexual life whichever the earliest.
Three early detection methods are currently available: superadded with HPV test, PAP (Papanicolaou) test, and acetic acid visual inspection (VIA).
Precancerous cells begin to form in the transition zone of your cervix. Although not all precancerous cells will develop into cancer, early detection and treatment of these cells are crucial in the fight against cervical cancer.
Before cancer appears in the cervix, the cells of the cervix go through several changes called dysplasia. Cervical dysplasia can progress to cervical cancer if left untreated. These cancer-causing cells can be stopped in their tracks if you catch them early enough and get them treated.
Malignancies of the cervix are classified based on their microscopic appearance in the laboratory. Carcinomas are the most common kinds of cervical cancer. Other rare types can include sarcomas, lymphomas, and secondaries.
Anything that increases the chances of getting a disease is referred to as a risk factor. Having a risk factor doesn’t mean you are affected with cervical cancer.
I had severe discomfort and I had to visit the hospital. I looked on the internet to find a top hospital and found Sri Ramakrishna Hospital. The process of booking an appointment was quite quick. The doctor suggested a few tests and the results came out positive for cervical cancer, thankfully my doctor suggested a couple of treatments which I underwent and I was able to overcome the situation without any complications.
Our Department of Oncology has treated over 20,000+ patients with cervical cancer over the last 48 years. Our highly experienced cancer specialists will ensure you receive the best cervical cancer treatment in Coimbatore.