Make an Appointment

Here’s the information about Brain Cancer :

The brain is an amazing three-pound organ that controls all of the body's functions, interprets information from the outside world, and holds the essence of the mind and soul. The brain controls many things, including intelligence, creativity, emotions, and memory. Inside the skull, the cerebrum, the cerebellum, and the brainstem make up the brain.

The brain obtains information from all the organs of the body. The brain controls how we think, remember, and speak, how our arms and legs move and how the organs in our bodies work.

The brain is composed of three important aspects named,

Cerebrum:

It is the biggest part of the brain and comprises two hemispheres, one on each side. It has higher functions like understanding touch, sight, sound, speech, reasoning, emotions, learning, and fine control of movement.

Cerebellum:

It is right below the brain. Its job is to keep your posture and balance and coordinate your muscles' movements.

Brain stem:

It connects the brain's two main parts, the brainstem, and cerebellum, to the spinal cord. It takes care of breathing, heart rate, body temperature, waking up and going to sleep, digestion, sneezing, coughing, throwing up, and swallowing.

The brain is soft tissue protected by the skull bones, three layers of thin tissue named meninges, and cerebrospinal fluid.

The brain is an organ that directs the activities of a person round the clock, and it functions by sending electrical signals. The senses like smell, touch, and various other senses in the body. The brain is composed of vital cells, like neurons and glial cells.

Glial cells:

Glia are important cells in the nervous system, just like neurons. Scientists used to think that glia were like a glue that held the neurons in place. In Latin, "glia" means "glue." But now we know that glial cells are not just glue for the brain. Glia is an active part of brain communication and is needed for neurons to work well.

Understanding what is referred to as Brain Cancer:

There is an abnormal cell growth or mass in the brain that is called a "brain tumor."

There are many different kinds of brain tumors. Some brain tumors are benign (noncancerous), while others are malignant (cancerous). Brain tumors can start in your brain (primary brain tumors), or cancer can start in another part of your body and spread to your brain (secondary or metastatic brain tumors).

The malignant tumors of brain is classified into four major grades indicates aggressiveness of the tumor and also decides the management protocol:-

01 The tumor grows slowly and rarely spreads into nearby tissues. It may be possible to remove the tumor with surgery completely.

03 The tumor grows quickly and is likely to spread to nearby tissues. Tumor cells differ significantly from normal cells in appearance.

02 Generally grade 2 tumor also grows slow but can become larger and troubling too

04 The tumor grows and spreads quickly, and the cells that make up the tumor don't look like normal cells, it can also spread to other lobes of the brain.

Various types of Brain Cancer:

Here are a few types of brain tumors that can affect your brain,

In adults

  • Astrocytoma | Meningioma | Oligodendroglioma

Astrocytoma

Astrocytoma is a type of cancer that can happen in the brain or spinal cord, but it happens most often in the cerebrum. Astrocytoma starts in cells that support nerve cells called astrocytes.

Meningioma

Meningiomas are tumors that start in the meninges, which are the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Even though it is not technically a brain tumor, it is in this group because it can put pressure on the brain, nerves, and blood vessels nearby.

Oligodendroglioma

Oligodendroglioma is a form of tumor that develops in the brain or spinal cord. Oligodendroglioma comes from cells in the brain and spinal cord called oligodendrocytes. These cells make a substance that protects nerve cells.

Understanding the causative factors of Brain Cancer:

No one knows for sure what causes primary brain cancer. But research has shown that high doses of ionizing radiation increase the risk of getting brain cancer.

Other things that might make you more likely to get brain cancer are:

Increased age, a family history of brain cancer, long-term smoking, exposure to pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizer, and working with materials that can cause cancer, such as lead, plastic, rubber, petroleum, and some textiles.

Various signs of Brain Cancer:

  • Headaches that get worse and more frequent over time
  • Unknown sickness or throwing up
  • Vision problems like blurry vision, double vision, or loss of peripheral vision
  • Arm or leg feeling or moving less and less over time or feeling weak.
  • Trouble keeping their balance
  • Problems with speech
  • Feeling very tired
  • Everyday things are a mess.
  • Trouble deciding what to do
  • Not being able to follow simple instructions
  • A change in personality or behavior
  • Seizures, especially in people who have never had them before.
  • Problems with hearing
  • Memory disturbances

Diagnosis of the condition can include :

The basic test involves a physical examination of the patient. Other tests include,

Neurological test:

During a neurological exam, your vision, hearing, balance, coordination, strength, and reflexes may be checked, among other things. If you have trouble in one or more areas, that could signify that a brain tumor is in a certain part of your brain.

Imaging procedures:

MRI is often used to help determine if someone has a brain tumor. A dye is sometimes put into a vein in your arm during your MRI study. Different parts of an MRI scan, such as functional MRI, perfusion MRI, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy, may help your doctor determine how to treat the tumor and evaluate it.

Biopsy:

A brain tumor can be removed with an operation that includes a biopsy, or a biopsy can be done with a needle. A stereotactic needle biopsy may take a sample of a brain tumor in a hard-to-reach place or in an area of your brain that is very sensitive and could be hurt by a bigger operation.

Here are the treatment options to treat the Brain Cancer:

Treatment for a brain tumor depends on the type, size, and location of the tumor and your overall health, and what you want.

Surgery:

The primary treatment modality for brain tumors. If the brain tumor is where it can be reached during surgery, your doctor will try to take out as much of it as can be done safely.

Some brain tumors are small and easy to separate from the brain tissue. This makes it possible to remove them all with surgery. Other brain tumors can't be separated from the tissue around them, or they are near sensitive parts of the brain, which makes surgery risky. In these cases, your doctor will take out as much of the tumor as possible without hurting you.

Radiation therapy:

  • Radiation therapy kills tumor cells by using high-energy beams, like X-rays or protons.
  • The aim of radiation therapy is to kill tumor cells and at the same time reduce dose to the surrounding normal brain cells.
  • Either the tumor or the post operative cavity will be treated with adequate margins in case of primary brain tumors.
  • In case of secondary deposits, if multiple, the whole brain will be treated. If one to four, it can be treated by stereotactic radiotherapy.

Preventing Cancer:

There is no certain way to prevent brain cancer. Although an early diagnosis of the condition can help prevent cancer from spreading further. It can also reduce the risk of metastatic cancer. Especially keeping distance from the radioactive materials can also help reduce the risk of brain cancer.

FAQ Questions? Answered!

Different factors, such as age of the patient, the tumor's location, size, and grade, all influence the prognosis of malignant brain tumors. A brain tumor can be cured if diagnosed when small and the grade is low.
Brain tumors can grow in any part of the brain or skull, including the brain's protective layer, the base of the skull, the brainstem, the sinuses, and the nasal cavity.
Primary brain tumors can develop in the brain itself or in tissues near it, such as the pituitary gland, pineal gland, cranial nerves, or the meninges, which envelop the brain. Primary brain tumors start when the DNA of normal cells undergoes modifications (mutations).
Some brain tumors are asymptomatic. Tumors produce headaches when they are large enough to push on nerves or blood vessels.
A brain tumor can either develop in the brain cells (as seen) or elsewhere and spread to the brain. As the tumor grows, it exerts pressure on adjacent brain tissue and alters its function, causing indications and symptoms such as headaches, nausea, and balance issues.
The average cost of brain cancer surgery in Coimbatore might vary depending on a number of factors, including as the type and location of the tumor, the difficulty of the surgery, the surgeon's fees, hospital expenses, and post-operative care.

Patient Testimonials

Our Department’s Experience

Our Department of Oncology has treated over 20,000+ patients with brain cancer over the last 48 years. Our highly experienced cancer specialists will ensure you receive the best brain cancer treatment in Coimbatore.

Why Choose Sri Ramakrishna Hospital?

Over 49+ Years of Medical Service
Best in Class Medical Infrastructure
Highly Experienced Brain Cancer Specialists
Latest and Safest Treatment Methods

Awards & Achievements

Sri Ramakrishna Hospital

  • Treated 10,00,000+ Patients while Counting on state of the art infrastructure and medical equipment.
  • We are here to serve you for all your healthcare needs.

Address

395, Sarojini Naidu Rd, New Siddhapudur, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641044.

Opening Hours

We are available

24*7

Get in Touch

Do you have any queries/feedback to share with us? Please write to us in the form towards your right & we'll get back to you within 4 hours.
  • Facebook
  • Instagram
  • YouTube
  • Twitter
  • LinkedIn
  • Pinterest
  • Play Store
  • Apple App Store