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Here’s what is referred to as Head and Neck Cancer

Head and neck cancers typically develop in the squamous cells lining the head and neck mucosal surfaces (for example, those inside the mouth, throat, and voice box). These tumors are referred to as head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. Malignancies of the head and neck can also arise in the salivary glands, sinuses, muscles, or nerves of the head and neck, but these cancers are less common.

Types of Head and Neck Cancer:

There are five primary forms of head and neck cancer, each of which is called after the portion of the body in which it develops.
They can include:

Signs that indicate the presence of Head and Neck Cancer:

A sore in the mouth or tongue that does not heal.
A white or red patch on the gums, tongue, or inner lining of the mouth.
A persistent sore throat.
Hoarseness of voice.
The jaw, neck, or side of the face swells. As a result of this issue, dentures may not fit properly.
Frequent sinusitis that does not respond to treatment.
Neck pain that won't go away.
Frequent headaches.
Pain in the upper teeth.
Bleeding from the nose or mouth, or the presence of blood in the saliva
Trouble swallowing
Persistent earaches.
Trouble breathing or speaking.

Risk factors that can increase the chance of Head and Neck Cancer:

Diagnosis and early screening of Head and Neck Cancer:

Physical examination:

An examination of the mouth and nose, the throat, and the tongue. A lump on your neck, lips, gums, or cheeks may be felt by your healthcare professional.

Endoscopy:

If you are suffering problems in your voice box, throat, or nasal cavity, an endoscope may be used to conduct an examination. And this procedure causes no discomfort. Blood, urine, or other bodily fluids are sent to a lab for analysis.The areas inside your head and neck can be visualized via X-rays, CAT scans, MRIs, or PET scans. It is up to your healthcare professional to select which tests are most appropriate for your situation.

Biopsy:

A pathologist examines the tissue your cancer treatment doctor has removed under a microscope. Cancer can only be accurately diagnosed in this manner. There are a variety of ways to do this procedure, including a local anesthetic and a needle. Alternatively, you may be required to undergo a general anesthesia in the operating room.

Treatment options that are available to treat the various types of Head and Neck Cancer:

Identifying the tumor's stage is the first step in treating head and neck cancer. The tumor's stage, as well as your age, general health, and location, will influence your treatment decision.

Radiation therapy, surgery, and chemotherapy are the most common treatments for head and neck cancers. In some cases, a patient may be treated with all four.

Prevention of Head and Neck Cancers:

Cancers of the head and neck are highly preventable. Here are three essential measures:

Quit tobacco:

Tobacco use is the most prevalent cause of malignancies of the head and neck. 85 percent of these malignancies are associated with cigarette smoking. To lower your risk of head and neck cancer, you must abstain from all tobacco products.

Cut back on drinking:

It has also been shown that alcohol consumption contributes to head and neck cancer. Reducing your alcohol use can lower your risk of developing these malignancies.

FAQ Questions? Answered!

Numerous malignancies of the head and neck are curable, especially if detected early. Although eradicating the cancer is the major objective of treatment, preserving the function of the surrounding nerves, organs, and tissues is equally crucial.
Head and neck cancer symptoms may include a lump in the neck or a painful sore in the mouth or throat that does not heal, a sore throat with a persistent cough, difficulties swallowing, a change in voice or hoarseness. These symptoms may also result from other, less severe illnesses. A small non-healing ulcer may not be painful initially.
Around the world, four percent of all cancers are head and neck cancers. This year, an estimated 66,470 persons will be diagnosed with head and neck cancer (48,520 males and 17,950 women). In 2020, an estimated 562,328 persons worldwide will be diagnosed with head and neck cancer.
It is typical for head and neck cancer to spread to the lymph nodes in the neck. The lymph nodes that are most frequently affected depend on the origin of the main tumor. The majority of lymph nodes are situated along major blood veins beneath the sternocleidomastoid muscle on both sides of the neck.
The cost of treating head and neck cancer in Coimbatore can vary greatly based on a number of factors, including the stage of cancer, the precise treatment plan chosen, the healthcare practitioner or facility chosen, and the needs of the individual patient.

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Our Department’s Experience

Our Department of Oncology has treated over 20,000+ patients with head and neck cancer over the last 49 years. Our highly experienced cancer specialists will ensure you receive the best Head and Neck Cancer treatment in Coimbatore.

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