Movement disorders are abnormal involuntary shaking, jerking, and twitching movements at a particular muscle or joints which may be slow or fast movements. Usually when the parts of the brain that control the actions are affected it can result in a movement disorder.
Hyperkinetic movement (Fast)
Hypokinetic movement (Slow)
People with movement disorders may have either or both types of abnormal movements.
Hyperkinetic movement as the name suggests involves increased movement. It can impact the voluntary actions leading to muscle involuntary movement.
Hypokinetic movement refers to slow or decreased movement. It usually impacts voluntary movement.
The symptoms of movement disorders are quite wide and can vary in different persons. These symptoms can be barely noticeable to highly disruptive. The common signs and symptoms of movement disorders include:
Series of uncontrolled movement episodes like twitching, jerks, shaking, and twisting.
Difficulty in walking
Rigidity and stiffness in limbs.
Trouble with coordination and balance
Difficulty in performing simple tasks like writing or speaking
If you’re noticing any of these signs in a child or adult, reach out to a movement disorder hospital in Coimbatore to ensure timely treatment.
There are several types of movement disorders but the most common ones include:
Involuntary movement disorder typically result from harm to or dysfunction in certain regions of your brain that regulate movement, such as your:
It is in charge of starting free movements. Spasticity, myoclonus, and problems with fine motor motions can all be brought on by damage to your primary motor cortex.
Your basal ganglia control changes in posture, suppress involuntary movements, and help initiate and smooth out voluntary muscle movements. Chorea, athetosis, dystonia, and parkinsonism can all be brought on by damage to your basal ganglia.
Your cerebellum coordinates your motions, enables correct and fluid limb movement, and supports balance. Loss of coordination arises from injury to this area of the brain.
It serves as a relay point for all incoming sensory and motor (movement) data. Tremor, Ataxia, and Sensory deficits can result from thalamic damage.
Movement disorders are most complex and can mimic other health conditions. Hence diagnosing movement disorders is highly complicated and difficult. Usually the diagnosis starts with physical examination by a movement disorder specialist.
Blood tests:Blood tests to rule out potential causes or assist in the diagnosis of specific movement disorders.
MRI Scan:MRI Brain to test for anatomical causes of movement disorders.
Electroencephalogram (EEG):Using an electroencephalogram (EEG), you may monitor your brain's electrical activity.
Electromyography (EMG):To evaluate the condition of your muscles and the nerves that govern them, use electromyography (EMG).
Lumbar puncture:The procedure helps in analyzing the cerebrospinal fluid.
The movement disorders treatment method is generally recommended based on the diagnostic results. The goal of the movement disorder treatment is to manage the condition efficiently. The different treatment options for movement disorders can include:
The signs and symptoms of movement disorders can be treated with various drugs. For instance, spasticity can be treated using muscle relaxants. Depending on the conditions specific medications can be recommended.
Your body's ability to do physical actions is improved with physical therapy. Physical therapists assist you in managing issues that limit your mobility, such as pain, stiffness, and discomfort.
Your capacity to carry out daily chores is enhanced with the aid of occupational therapy. You can engage in your activities more safely if you learn how to stand, sit, move, or use particular items with the aid of an occupational therapist.
Speech therapy helps you communicate more clearly and swallow food more easily.
Usually movement disorders are passed through generations and these genes can be inherited by several generations.
Different types of brain traumas, such as traumatic brain damage, infections, inflammation, metabolic imbalances, toxins, and unintended pharmacological side effects, can result in movement difficulties. They might also be a symptom of further, underlying conditions including genetic abnormalities.
The three most common movement disorders are essential tremor, restless legs syndrome, and Parkinson's disease. Mild to extremely incapacitating movement disorders might all have symptoms that are remarkably similar to one another. Obtaining a correct diagnosis is crucial.
Stress can cause movement abnormalities, much as it can raise blood pressure, trigger palpitations, and produce tremors.
Unfortunately all movement disorders cannot be reversed and the only way to avoid movement disorders is to avoid triggers of movement disorders and take timely treatment to manage the symptoms efficiently.
Movement disorder treatment cost varies based on the patient's health, neurologist experience, therapies involved, and medications. Contact our movement disorder hospital in Coimbatore for more information.
Years of Service
Our highly experienced neurologists have immense experience in providing movement disorder treatment in Coimbatore.
MD, DM (Neuro), FCCP., HOD & Chief Neurologist
MBBS, DNB in General Medicine, DNB in Neurology., Consultant Neurologist
MBBS, DNB, DM - Neuro., Consultant Neurologist
“We cannot express enough gratitude for the exceptional care our child received at Sri Ramakrishna Hospital. Our journey began with worry and uncertainty as our child was diagnosed with a movement disorder that affected their daily life. From the very first visit to the hospital, we were met with warmth and compassion from the entire medical team. We highly recommend Sri Ramakrishna Hospital to any parent seeking treatment for their child's movement disorder. It is a place of hope and healing”
“Our family's journey with Sri Ramakrishna Hospital has been nothing short of miraculous. When our child was diagnosed with a severe movement disorder, we were overwhelmed with worry and uncertainty about their future. The Sri Ramakrishna Hospital's facilities are state-of-the-art, creating a healing atmosphere that puts our child at ease. The staff, from the nurses to the support staff, were all caring and compassionate, making us feel like we were part of a supportive family. Thanks to the exceptional care and treatment provided by Sri Ramakrishna Hospital, our child has made remarkable progress.”