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Movement disorders - What is it meant by?

Movement disorders are abnormal involuntary shaking, jerking, and twitching movements at a particular muscle or joints which may be slow or fast movements. Usually when the parts of the brain that control the actions are affected it can result in a movement disorder.


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What are the two major types of abnormal movements?

There are two major types of abnormal movements that include:

Hyperkinetic movement (Fast)

Hypokinetic movement (Slow)

People with movement disorders may have either or both types of abnormal movements.

Hyperkinetic movement:

Hyperkinetic movement as the name suggests involves increased movement. It can impact the voluntary actions leading to muscle involuntary movement.

Hypokinetic movement:

Hypokinetic movement refers to slow or decreased movement. It usually impacts voluntary movement.

What are the common signs and symptoms of movement disorders?

The symptoms of movement disorders are quite wide and can vary in different persons. These symptoms can be barely noticeable to highly disruptive. The common signs and symptoms of movement disorders include:

Series of uncontrolled movement episodes like twitching, jerks, shaking, and twisting.

Difficulty in walking

Rigidity and stiffness in limbs.

Trouble with coordination and balance

Difficulty in performing simple tasks like writing or speaking

If you’re noticing any of these signs in a child or adult, reach out to a movement disorder hospital in Coimbatore to ensure timely treatment.

Which movement disorders are most prevalent?

There are several types of movement disorders but the most common ones include:

Essential tremor:

This type of disorder makes your body move uncontrollably. And it commonly affects hands and arms.

Parkinson’s syndrome:

Parkinson’s disease is a neurological condition that results in unintentional or involuntary movements as well as balance and coordination issues. It also affects mental health.

Huntington’s disease:

It is a genetic disorder that generally affects your brain resulting in uncontrollable and unsteady movements in hands and legs.

Restless leg syndrome:

An excessive, frequently uncontrollable need to move your legs (and possibly your arms or body) is a symptom of RLS, a sleep condition. It can cause a few other sensations like itching, throbbing, aching, pulling, and burning.

What are the common causes of movement disorders?

Involuntary movement disorder typically result from harm to or dysfunction in certain regions of your brain that regulate movement, such as your:

Primary motor cortex:

It is in charge of starting free movements. Spasticity, myoclonus, and problems with fine motor motions can all be brought on by damage to your primary motor cortex.

Basal ganglia:

Your basal ganglia control changes in posture, suppress involuntary movements, and help initiate and smooth out voluntary muscle movements. Chorea, athetosis, dystonia, and parkinsonism can all be brought on by damage to your basal ganglia.

Cerebellum:

Your cerebellum coordinates your motions, enables correct and fluid limb movement, and supports balance. Loss of coordination arises from injury to this area of the brain.

Thalamus:

It serves as a relay point for all incoming sensory and motor (movement) data. Tremor, Ataxia, and Sensory deficits can result from thalamic damage.

What are the different diagnostic procedures to diagnose movement disorders?

Movement disorders are most complex and can mimic other health conditions. Hence diagnosing movement disorders is highly complicated and difficult. Usually the diagnosis starts with physical examination by a movement disorder specialist.

What are the various movement disorders treatment options?

The movement disorders treatment method is generally recommended based on the diagnostic results. The goal of the movement disorder treatment is to manage the condition efficiently. The different treatment options for movement disorders can include:

Medication:

The signs and symptoms of movement disorders can be treated with various drugs. For instance, spasticity can be treated using muscle relaxants. Depending on the conditions specific medications can be recommended.

Physical therapy:

Your body's ability to do physical actions is improved with physical therapy. Physical therapists assist you in managing issues that limit your mobility, such as pain, stiffness, and discomfort.

Occupational therapy:

Your capacity to carry out daily chores is enhanced with the aid of occupational therapy. You can engage in your activities more safely if you learn how to stand, sit, move, or use particular items with the aid of an occupational therapist.

Speech therapy:

Speech therapy helps you communicate more clearly and swallow food more easily.

FAQ

Questions ? Answered !

Are movement disorders genetic?

Usually movement disorders are passed through generations and these genes can be inherited by several generations.

What can trigger movement disorders?

Different types of brain traumas, such as traumatic brain damage, infections, inflammation, metabolic imbalances, toxins, and unintended pharmacological side effects, can result in movement difficulties. They might also be a symptom of further, underlying conditions including genetic abnormalities.

Are movement disorders life threatening?

The three most common movement disorders are essential tremor, restless legs syndrome, and Parkinson's disease. Mild to extremely incapacitating movement disorders might all have symptoms that are remarkably similar to one another. Obtaining a correct diagnosis is crucial.

Can stress result in movement disorder?

Stress can cause movement abnormalities, much as it can raise blood pressure, trigger palpitations, and produce tremors.

Can movement disorders be reversed?

Unfortunately all movement disorders cannot be reversed and the only way to avoid movement disorders is to avoid triggers of movement disorders and take timely treatment to manage the symptoms efficiently.

What is the cost of movement disorder treatment?

Movement disorder treatment cost varies based on the patient's health, neurologist experience, therapies involved, and medications. Contact our movement disorder hospital in Coimbatore for more information.

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