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What are the types of rheumatic problems?

Rheumatic Problems - Sriramakrishnahospital

What is a rheumatic problem? – an overview

Rheumatic disorders may also be called rheumatic diseases or rheumatologic diseases. They are inflammatory and autoimmune diseases that may attack your joints, bones, muscles, and organs. 

The list of organs at risk for rheumatic disorders can include lungs, nervous system, heart, kidneys, eyes, and skin. They can cause serious conditions that impair the daily routine of people. Rheumatic disorders come in a variety of forms. 

This article lists out the types of rheumatic problems and treatments to create awareness about these issues.

Understanding about Ankylosing spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is a rheumatic problem that usually takes root as lower back pain. It affects the sacroiliac joints, which are the joints that connect the spine to the pelvic. It can also affect places where your tendons and ligaments are attached to your bones. It can potentially fuse your vertebrae together in the worst-case scenario. The treatments include :

What are the methods to treat ankylosing spondylitis?

  • Staying active is one of the best ways to manage ankylosing spondylitis. While medicines can be used to treat ankylosing spondylitis. The prescribed drugs by the doctor help most people suffering from AS. When the condition is too severe, the rheumatology doctor may recommend stronger medications but there is a low probability that the medicines can include side effects.
  • Follow a healthy diet that is high in omega-3 fatty acids at home. Watch your food patterns carefully and note down the foods that are not allergic to you or do not trigger unusual changes in your body.
  • Quit smoking. People who smoke always have a risk of higher complications and worsening of symptoms with age.
  • Carefully follow the right instructions like using ice on inflamed areas and applying heat to your tight muscles and stiff muscles at home, to be relieved from pain. Make sure to keep in mind the dos and don’ts as directed by your rheumatology doctor.

What is Gout?

If there is too much uric acid in your blood, it leads to the formation of sharp crystals in one or more of your joints, this condition of the formation of crystals or the accumulation of the urate crystals in a particular joint or knee, foot, ankle, hand, elbow or wrist can be termed as gout. The attacks may be out of nowhere and can result in severe pain causing swelling and redness around the area that has been affected.

Treatment for Gout - Sriramakrishnahospital

Who is usually affected by gout?

Gout usually affects or targets men above 40, it also affects women after menopause. Men outnumber women when it comes to being affected by gout, you are likely to be at risk if you are an alcoholic or obese.

How to treat gout?

  • Discuss with your doctor and choose the right type of medication depending on your health condition.
  • Opt for healthier beverages and try your best to limit alcoholic beverages.
  • Restricting foods that are high in purine and an intake of low-dairy products may make a great difference and improve your health.
  • Maintaining your BMI or a healthy weight can reduce the complications that arise due to gout.

How do you define Scleroderma?

Scleroderma usually means hard skin. It has two types of subdivisions in it. Localized scleroderma affecting 90 % of children and 90 % of adults is the most common type of scleroderma. It hardens the skin and everything beneath it such as muscles, connective tissues, and bones. Systemic sclerosis affects different types of body parts including skin, blood vessels, organs, muscles, and joints. The treatment options are:

What are the treatment options for scleroderma?

  • Your doctor may suggest nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to lower your inflammation in certain parts of your body. You may also follow the drugs prescribed by your rheumatology doctor to suppress your immune system.
  • If you are affected by Raynaud’s phenomenon, ( a condition that triggers a strong reaction towards stress, anxiety, and cold, causing your hands and feet to turn white and ache ), your doctor may recommend certain medicines to relax and open your blood vessels.
  •  The rheumatoid arthritis specialist in Coimbatore may suggest you take specific medications to cope with your lower stomach acid troubles and to control heartburn. The prescribed medicines help move food through your stomach and intestines. 
  • The medicines are also used to maintain your blood pressure at normal levels. It is also focused on managing your kidney problems.

What is the best way to describe rheumatoid arthritis?

Osteoarthritis happens to destroy bones and cartilage. It is an age-related disorder. It is otherwise known as rheumatoid arthritis. It makes joints on both sides of the body, both hands, both wrists, or both knees dysfunctional by affecting them in a symmetrical pattern. This particular pattern helps the doctor to differentiate it from the other types of arthritis. It can affect many sections of the body over time. The following are rheumatoid arthritis treatments:

Rheumatoid arthritis treatment in Coimbatore

  • Pain relievers and painkillers may be provided by your rheumatology doctor.
  • Your doctor will provide you with strong medications or drugs that work by suppressing the attacks of your immune system on your joints.
  • You will have to pace yourself in order to stay healthy and active, but if your inflammation worsens, you can rest your joints with the help of joint splints or a cane.
  • You can exercise once the irritation has subsided. When you start exercising, It will strengthen your joints and muscles.
  • You can undergo surgery in the best hospital for rheumatology when rheumatoid arthritis has become severe.

What is Sjogren’s syndrome?

Sjogren’s syndrome causes particular body parts like the mouth and eyes to dry out. It attacks more women than men. It causes the salivary and lachrymal glands to deteriorate.

What are the treatments on the list for Sjogren’s syndrome?

  • Your doctor may recommend the right type of medications by addressing your specific complications and by treating your symptoms that include prescription eye drops or drugs to produce saliva and tears.
  • A minor surgery might put an end to your problem of dry eyes by preserving your tears.
  • Using citrus-flavored candies or sugarless gums can increase your flow of saliva in the mouth.
  • Maintaining oral health and using protective eyewear can prove to be beneficial to your health.

These are the types of rheumatic problems. The types of rheumatic problems are defined and the treatment options available for rheumatic problems are discussed.

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