Asthma is a chronic inflammatory illness of airways that can affect anyone at any age. As a result of inflammation and muscle tension around the small airways, the airways in the lungs become congested.
Shortness of breath and chest tightness are all symptoms of asthma that can be caused by this. It is common for these symptoms to be worse at night or during physical activity because they are transient in nature.
Asthma symptoms might be aggravated by a variety of other typical factors. Viral infections (colds), dust, smoke, fumes, changes in temperature, grass and tree pollen, animal hair and feathers, strong soaps and perfumes are just a few examples of what can set off an allergic reaction in different people. The best pulmonologist in Coimbatore helps you find the right treatment for asthma.
An illness called pneumonia causes the air sacs in one or both lungs to become inflamed. Coughing up phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing can all result from the air sacs being swollen with fluid or pus (purulent material). One of the most common causes of pneumonia is caused by a range of microorganisms.
Pneumonia can be minor or life-threatening, depending on the severity of the infection. Infants and small children, the elderly, and those with health issues or compromised immune systems are at greatest risk. Sri Ramakrishna Hospital offers state-of-the-art facilities to treat pneumonia
Edema of the lungs' tissues and air spaces (typically alveoli) is referred to as "pulmonary congestion'' when there is an excessive buildup of liquid in the tissues and spaces. As a result, hypoxemia and respiratory failure are possible outcomes.
Pulmonary edema occurs when the heart's left ventricle fails (cardiogenic pulmonary edema).
When lung tissue blood vessels are damaged (non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema).
The three main goals of treatment are to improve respiratory function, address the underlying cause, and avoid additional damage to the lungs. Respiratory failure or cardiac arrest can occur as a result of hypoxia in pulmonary edema develops suddenly (acutely). The best pulmonologists at Sri Ramakrishna Hospital strive to provide advanced facilities to treat respiratory related concerns.
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is the obstruction of a lung artery by a material that has traveled via the bloodstream from another part of the body (embolism). PE symptoms include shortness of breath, chest pain, especially while inhaling, and coughing up blood.
There may also be signs of a blood clot in the leg, such as a red, heated, swollen, and painful leg. Low blood oxygen levels, fast breathing, high heart rate, are symptoms of PE.
The diagnosis may be confirmed by CT pulmonary angiography, lung ventilation/perfusion scan, or ultrasound of the legs. DVT and PE are often referred to as venous thromboembolism (VTE).
Due to abnormalities in the tiny airways of the lungs, airflow in and out of the lungs is restricted. Multiple processes contribute to the constriction of the airways. Parts of the lung may be destroyed, mucus may obstruct the airways, and there may be inflammation and edema of the airway lining.
COPD has emphysema or chronic bronchitis components. Typically, emphysema refers to the destruction of the tiny air sacs at the end of the lung airways. Chronic bronchitis refers to a persistent cough accompanied by phlegm production caused by inflammation in the airways.
COPD and asthma share similar symptoms (cough, wheezing, and breathing trouble), and individuals can have both illnesses. Here at Sri Ramakrishna Hospital, we have had success treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Pulmonary hypertension is a disorder characterized by elevated blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries. The symptoms include shortness of breath, fainting, fatigue, chest pain, leg swelling, and a rapid heartbeat. The disease may make exercising difficult. In most cases, onset is slow.
If the pulmonary mean arterial pressure is greater than 25mmHg at rest or 30mmHg during exercise, a patient is diagnosed with pulmonary hypertension
Family history, previous blood clots in the lungs, HIV/AIDS, sickle cell disease, cocaine use, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, sleep apnea, residing at high altitudes, and heart valve issues are risk factors.
Typically, the underlying mechanism involves inflammation and subsequent remodeling of the pulmonary arteries. The diagnostic process begins with the exclusion of all other possible explanations.
The Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) germs typically cause tuberculosis (TB), an infectious disease. Tuberculosis often affects the lungs, but it can also affect other organs. Most infections exhibit no symptoms, in which case it is known as latent tuberculosis.
Active TB is characterized by chronic cough with bloody mucus, fever, night sweats, and weight loss. Other organ infections can cause a range of symptoms.
Active TB is diagnosed by chest X-rays, microscopic sputum investigation, and culture of bodily fluids. Latent TB is diagnosed with the tuberculin skin test (TST) or blood tests.
A pleural effusion is the buildup of excess fluid in the pleural space, the potential area around each lung. Fluids such as serous fluid (hydrothorax), blood (hemothorax), pus (pyothorax, more commonly known as pleural empyema), and chyle can build in the pleural space (chylothorax).
The word "pleural effusion" typically refers to hydrothorax when left unexplained. A hydropneumothorax can occur when a pleural effusion is accompanied by a pneumothorax (collection of air in the pleural space). Our specialists work in close collaboration with pulmonologists to execute complex, advanced procedures endoscopically.
A pneumothorax is an abnormal accumulation of air between the lungs and chest wall. Typical symptoms are rapid onset of acute, unilateral chest discomfort and shortness of breath. In a minority of cases, a region of injured tissue forms a one-way valve, and the amount of air between the chest wall and lungs increases; this is known as a tension pneumothorax.
This results in a type of shock known as obstructive shock, which is lethal if not treated. Very infrequently, a pneumothorax can compromise both lungs. Often referred to as a "collapsed lung," this word may also refer to atelectasis.
Interventional pulmonology (IP, sometimes known as interventional pulmonary medicine) is a subspecialty of pulmonary medicine that is maturing. It focuses on minimally invasive endoscopic and percutaneous treatments for the detection and treatment of malignant and nonmalignant illnesses of the airways, lungs, and pleura. Numerous IP treatments are effective, minimally invasive alternatives to thoracic surgery.
Sleep disturbances are prevalent ; insomnia, restless leg syndrome (RLS), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and nocturnal oxygen desaturation are the most frequent sleep problems that can impair the quality of sleep (NOD).
The evaluation of sleep is generally conducted by Polysomnography that studies your sleep phases and cycles in order to determine if, when, and why your sleep patterns are disturbed.
Respiratory failure is the result of insufficient gas exchange by the respiratory system, which means that arterial levels of oxygen, carbon dioxide, or both cannot be maintained at normal levels.
Hypoxemia is a decrease in the amount of oxygen transported in the blood, whereas hypercapnia is an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood. Acute or chronic respiratory failure is characterized as Type 1 or Type 2 based on the presence of a high carbon dioxide level.
At Sri Ramakrishna Hospital, our pulmonologists are well equipped with the technical expertise to perform the procedures and a vast number of patients have benefitted from our expertise.
Sepsis is the severe response of the body to an infection. It is a medical emergency of life-threatening severity. Sepsis occurs when an existing infection causes a chain reaction across the body. Identification of a patient with sepsis as soon as possible improves the administration of suitable medication.
Utilizing screening techniques and algorithms may aid in sepsis patient detection. In conjunction with infection source control, administration of quick empiric antibiotics directed to the most likely source and organisms improves patient outcomes.
Here at Sri Ramakrishna Hospital, we provide the critical care procedures with great skill and dexterity.
Fever, also known as pyrexia, is defined as an elevation in the body's temperature set point resulting in a temperature above the usual range. It may be an indication of a dangerous infection.
The majority of fevers resolve on their own or with basic supportive medication, but it is probably best to consult a physician for a prescription. If the temperature exceeds 101 degrees Fahrenheit or lasts for more than three days, however, you must see a doctor immediately. The Pulmonology Department of Sri Ramakrishna Hospital specializes in the care and treatment of pyrexia.
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) or diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD) is a set of respiratory disorders that affect the interstitium (the tissue and space surrounding the alveoli) of the lungs.
It involves the alveolar epithelium, pulmonary capillary endothelium, basement membrane, as well as the perivascular and perilymphatic tissues. Normally, the body develops just the proper amount of tissue to repair injury.
However, in interstitial lung disease, the repair mechanism is disturbed, and scar tissue forms around the air sacs (alveoli). This hinders the ability of oxygen to enter the bloodstream.
The condition manifests with the following symptoms: shortness of breath, non productive coughing, exhaustion, and weight loss, which often develop gradually over the course of several months.
Our top pulmonologists in Coimbatore work with patients to help them manage interstitial lung disease over the long run and lead normal, healthy lives.
Bronchiectasis is a disease characterized by the persistent swelling of portions of the lung's airways. Typical symptoms include a persistent cough with mucus production. Additional symptoms include shortness of breath, bloody coughing, and chest pain. Additionally, wheezing and nail clubbing may occur. The condition is frequently accompanied with frequent lung infections.
We at Sri Ramakrishna Hospital provide you the best treatments and procedures for pulmonological disorders.