Frequently Asked Questions How common jaundice is in newborn babies? Does it always require treatment?
How to take care of Umbilical cord?
Almost 20-50% of all newborns develop some jaundice in the first few days. But only 5-10% of them will require treatment. Treatment will be decided based on jaundice levels (bilirubin) which are usually tested on day 3 or 4 of babies. Most of the time this jaundice is harmless and is related to the baby's immature liver and does not cause any problem in the future. If it looks like a more serious problem, your doctor will be talking to you about it.
How will a normal baby be treated in hospital after delivery?
We advise : dry cord care. i.e
1. Do not apply anything on the umbilical cord before or after separation.
2. After the bath always dap it dry with a clean towel.
3. Tie diaper or nappy below the level of the stump. Do not allow them to touch the cord.
4. Wash hands always before handling the cord.
5. Do not apply any creams, ointments, powder, or homemade products over the cord.
6. meet your doctor immediately if there is any foul-smelling discharge, excessive bleeding, or redness around the cord.
Should all babies have a blood sugar check when they are born?
A normal baby (good weight, no abnormalities on examination, and maintaining normal vital signs) will be handed over to the mother immediately after delivery. There will be complete rooming where the baby will be on the mother's side from birth except for taken for few minutes for weight, vaccines, and blood tests. Breastfeeding support will be offered. The Baby's temperature, heart rate, and breathing will be monitored periodically. Blood sugar will be tested when required. Vaccines and vitamin K injections will be given as per policy. After discussing with parents doctor will advise bilirubin and newborn screening tests after day 3 or 4. Hearing screening also will be done.
How much weight should a normal newborn baby gain?
Not all babies require blood sugar testing. Blood sugar will be tested in a few babies who are at a higher risk of low blood sugar levels. Eg:
1. Babies born to mothers with diabetes.
2. Low birth weight babies (weight less than 2.5 Kg baby).
3. Babies who required NICU stay and were sick in the beginning.
Babies usually lose a maximum of 10% of their body weight in the first few days. They regain their birth weight by day 10. Babies will start gaining weight of 25-30 grams afterward when on optimal breastfeeding.