What are the treatments done in ICU?

ICU - Sriramakrishnahopital

The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is a sophisticated self-contained unit within a medical facility that is well equipped with high-tech specialized capabilities for the meticulous monitoring, early intervention, and often lengthy treatment of patients with acute organ dysfunction. Its mission is to provide care and monitoring for patients in life-threatening situations. The purpose of intensive care is to keep important functions alive in severely ill patients in order to prevent further physiological deterioration, mortality, and morbidity.

What are the various Intensive Care Units (ICUs)?

The pathologies/conditions treated in intensive care units can be categorized (e.g., neurological, trauma, burns, medical, or surgical ICUs) or the patient’s age group (adult or pediatric). Medical, surgical, pediatric, and neonatal intensive care units are examples of specialized critical care units.

Medical critical care unit:

Adult patients with medical disorders that require regular observation, specialized monitoring, and critical care treatment are cared for in the medical intensive care unit. Diabetic ketoacidosis, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, drug overdose, respiratory failure, sepsis, stroke, and cancer are among them.

Surgical care unit:

Postoperative patients, such as those who have had significant abdominal surgeries, craniotomy patients, thoracotomy patients, unstable multiple trauma patients, and any surgical patient who requires constant monitoring or life support, are cared for in the surgical critical care unit.

Pediatric care unit:

Critically ill children are treated in the pediatric intensive care unit. Children who have recently had surgery and are at risk of deterioration are also cared for in the pediatric critical care unit.

Neonatal care unit:

Premature, high-risk, and severely ill neonates are cared for in the neonatal intensive care unit. In the neonatal critical care unit, neonates with congenital diseases and birth difficulties are cared for. 

What is the treatment equipment used in an ICU?

The equipment in the ICU is primarily intended to offer basic life support as well as support for the body’s numerous organs (for example, the lungs, the heart, or the kidneys). An intensive care doctor is usually assigned to each patient, who inspects the equipment and any life support systems on a regular basis. These include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Cardiac monitors are used to keeping track of vital indicators.
  • Ventilator (mechanical)
  • Infusion pumps are used to control the flow of medication that is titrated using a drip and an infusion pump.
  • Syringe pumps are used to titrate medication to the patient using a syringe.
  • Suction machines
  • Oxygen
  • BiPAP and CPAP machines are examples of other respiratory support machines.

Primary treatment options in an ICU

What can you expect in the intensive care unit?

Because of the lines, tubes, wires, and monitoring equipment, the ICU can be intimidating to both the person being admitted and their guests.

Patients in intensive care units can be hooked up to a variety of devices, the most frequent of which is a heart monitor and artificial ventilators (for when they can’t breathe on their own). When a patient’s health changes, several ICU machines beep and generate loud noises and sirens to alert staff. Reach out to the  Critical Care Specialist in Coimbatore to understand better about the procedures. 

Several tubes are also likely to be present, either supplying fluid and nutrients to the patient or removing other fluids. ICU has a large number of medical personnel. 

When is intensive care unit treatment recommended?

Intensive care is required if someone is extremely unwell and needs extensive treatment in ICU and close monitoring, or if they are having surgery and need intensive care.

The majority of people in intensive care units (ICUs) have problems with one or more organs. They might not be able to breathe on their own, for example.

The significant reasons why an ICU is recommended include:

  • Severe accident
  • Serious health concerns like heart attack
  • Major infections like pneumonia

Statistics show that more than half of the people who get treatment in the Intensive Care Unit tend to recover and have an improved quality of life. The ICU doctors are highly qualified and experienced specialists who work round the clock to monitor the patients’ body functions.

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