What is hepatitis and how it is classified?

Hepatitis cause by a viral infection-Sri Ramakrishna Hospital

Hepatitis is related to an inflammation of the liver commonly caused by a viral infection. Apart from viral infection, there are various reasons like autoimmune hepatitis and also due to a few medications. Human beings depend on the liver for their survival. It performs metabolic functions throughout the body which include:

  • Food is broken down into nutrients such as fats and carbohydrates.
  • Elimination of bilirubin, cholesterol, and drugs.
  • Enzyme activation is essential for body functions.
  • Bile production
  • Albumin and clotting factors synthesis. 

Data shows that about 500 million people are affected every year with Hepatitis. It is considered a life-threatening disease as 1.5 million people are killed every year due to this virus. With the advancements, you can now get Hepatitis Treatment from medical experts.

Types of Hepatitis:

Hepatitis A:

This is caused by a virus named the hepatitis A virus (HAV). It is commonly transmitted through contaminated food, water or faecal matter from a person infected with the hepatitis virus. Jaundice may be caused by to hepatitis A virus. Jaundice is a condition where bilirubin, a yellow-orange bile pigment levels are high in the blood. Jaundice may have symptoms like yellow skin, eyes, and ails. Darkish yellow urine. This is a short-term illness and a HAV vaccine is available to prevent this infection. Children are usually vaccinated between 12 and 18 months of age. In case jaundice affects your liver, reach out to the best hospital for liver failure treatment.

Hepatitis B:

This is due to the virus named Hepatitis B virus (HBV). It spreads through contact with body fluids like blood, vaginal secretions, or the semen of the infected person. The risk is also higher in people who share razors with the infected and indulge in sexual intercourse with the infected person. This is an acute infection and can be treated through antivirmedications. Newborns are usually vaccinated with HBV vaccine.

Hepatitis C:

Hepatitis C is transmitted through the hepatitis C virus (HCP). This is transmitted through direct contact of body fluids like infected injection drugs and sexual contact. It is the most common blood-borne chronic disease in the world. This is a chronic illness and may require a liver transplant in people depending on the severity.

Hepatitis D:

Hepatitis D is spread through the hepatitis D virus (HDV). It is also known as delta hepatitis. HDV is spread through direct contact with blood. This is rare type hepatitis as they do not have the capability to multiply with hepatitis B. They are usually caused by the conjunction of HBV. It is very uncommon.

Hepatitis E:

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) causes this disease. It is waterborne and found in places with poor sanitation facilities which result in ingestion of contaminated faecal matter.

Non-infectious hepatitis is caused by extreme consumption of alcohol and overdose of certain medications. Inflammation and liver damage can be caused by alcohol. Liver failure is a chronic disease. Visit a Liver Specialist Hospital in Coimbatore for proper diagnosis and treatment. Over time, alcohol leads to liver failure and liver cirrhosis. In the autoimmune kind of hepatitis, the immune system mistakes the liver being a harmful organ and attacks it. Women are at greater risk than men.

Symptoms of Hepatitis:

  •  Abdominal pain
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dark urine

Hepatitis B or C can transform into a chronic illness when left untreated. People with HBV or HCV are at more risk for liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, and chronic liver illness. You may also experience bleeding, kidney failure, hypertension, and hepatic encephalopathy. In chronic liver cases, a transplant may be suggested. Look out for symptoms and ensure to get the best liver failure treatment for further complications.

It is always recommended to maintain proper hygiene, avoid uncooked foods, and avoid contact with razors, brushes, syringes, and others’ spilled blood. Following a few basic hygienes can prevent many diseases from spreading.

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