What are the hematological risks inherited from parents?

hematological risks

Inheritance of genetic blood diseases is a common phenomenon. Red blood cell production is reduced in a variety of blood diseases. After a certain amount of time, the red blood cells in our bodies need to be replaced. Blood abnormalities can occur in people when the production of these red blood cells stops. Sickle cell anemia and thalassemia are two disorders that are connected to defective hemoglobin; a blood disorder doctor diagnoses these conditions.

These illnesses can be passed down through the generations via chromosomal genes. Having sickle cell trait parents increases the risk of a child having sickle cell illness by 25%. However, if one parent carries the trait and the other has the condition, the chances of their child inheriting the sickness climb to 50%.


Haemophilia is a bleeding disorder caused by a genetic inability of the blood to clot properly. Blood loss is possible as a result of this, but it can also occur because of an injury or surgery. A clotting factor is a protein in the blood that aids in the halting of bleeding.

A person can develop hemophilia later in life in rare situations. However, the majority of victims are middle-aged or elderly adults or young women who have recently given birth or are nearing the end of their pregnancy. With the right treatment, this issue can usually be resolved.

The major signs of hemophilia include

  • The joints are leaking blood. Knee, elbow, and ankle joints are most typically affected, causing swelling, pain, and tightness.
  • Blood loss into the skin (bruising) or muscle and soft tissue (called a hematoma).
  • As well as post-tooth extraction bleeding that is difficult to control.
  • Bleeding is caused by the procedure of circumcision (surgery performed on male babies to remove the hood of skin, called the foreskin, covering the head of the penis).
  • Post-vaccine blood loss or other injections.
  • After a difficult delivery, a newborn’s head can bleed profusely.
  • Urinary or fecal hemorrhage.
  • It’s difficult to stop nosebleeds.

Who are the inhibitors of hemophilia?

About 15-20% of persons with hemophilia develop an antibody (known as an inhibitor) that prevents clotting factors from clotting the blood and stopping bleeding. As a result, treatment of bleeding episodes becomes extremely difficult. Because more clotting factors or a different type of clotting factor is required, the cost of care for a person with an inhibitor can skyrocket. 

People inherit these inherited blood disorders from their parents through their genes. In addition, people who take inhibitors are more likely to develop joint disease and other bleeding problems, resulting in a lower quality of life.

Sickle cell anemia

Sickle cell anemia is a genetic kind of anemia in which there aren’t enough healthy red blood cells to transport enough oxygen throughout the body. Your red blood cells are normally flexible and spherical, allowing them to move freely through your blood arteries. However, the red blood cells in sickle cell anemia become hard and sticky, and they take the shape of sickles or crescent moons. These abnormally shaped cells can get caught in small blood veins, causing blood flow and oxygen to regions of the body to be slowed or blocked. Reach out to a hematologist in Coimbatore in case you are looking to undergo treatment.

The warning signs of sickle cell anemia include

  • Irregular periods of pain in different places of the body depending on where red blood cells are breaking, and microvascular obstruction is occurring, such as pain in the belly, joints, or one of the parties.
  • Anemia is a condition that lasts for a long time.
  • Infections occur frequently.
  • Malnutrition symptoms include short stature and delayed growth.
  • Deformities of the bones.
  • Fatigue and lethargy.


Thalassemia, commonly known as Mediterranean anemia, is a condition in which the blood lacks enough red blood cells and hemoglobin.

Alpha Thalassemia

When one or more of the four alpha chain genes stops working, alpha thalassemia develops. For practical purposes, the four genes produce equal amounts of alpha chain protein. The “failed” genes in alpha thalassemia are almost always lost from the cell due to a genetic mistake. Best hematology hospitals provide you with the right treatment and treat them at the earliest.

Beta Thalassemia

Only one of the beta chains is defective in beta-thalassemia minor. As a result, the generation of hemoglobin in the blood is reduced. Although the levels of iron in the blood appear normal, it exerts the same consequences on the body as mild anemia produced by an iron deficit.

If significant thalassemia and hemoglobin H illness are not treated effectively and promptly, they can develop a variety of problems, including:

  • Delay in achieving adequate growth.
  • Swollen stomach and enlarged spleen.
  • Deformities of the bones
  • Anemia symptoms are worsening, and you’re constantly stressed and tired.

It is almost always handed on from one generation to the next through genetic inheritance. There are two factors that are placed on the same chromosome, one of which is factor VIII and the other is factor IX structures within the body’s cells that hold the genes), haemophilia A and B are inherited in the same way. Some blood illnesses have a bad prognosis despite the best efforts of treatment, while others are curable or at least manageable. Symptoms that last longer than a few weeks should be reported to your doctor.

Many inherited diseases (often referred to as genetic illnesses) might damage your blood and bone marrow. They are extremely rare and can sometimes be detected in a parent’s or newborn baby through a blood test for genetic disorders.

hematological risks - Sriramakrishnahospital

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