How to Prevent Dengue Fever? Essential Precautions and Care Tips

dengue fever - Sriramakrishnahospital

In recent days dengue cases have been constantly rising. The Aedes aegypti mosquito is the carrier of dengue fever, a tropical virus. Mosquitoes are common in urban and suburban areas, where they typically breed in flowerpots and contaminated water. In contrast to the malaria mosquitoes that attack at night, this mosquito bites people during the day. Because of the discomfort that the fever causes in the muscles and joints, it is also known as “break bone fever”.

How does the dengue infection spread?

The virus of the dengue fever causes the infection to circulate in the blood for two or seven days after a person is bitten by a mosquito. When the initial symptoms of dengue fever develop, which typically happens four to five days after being bitten, a person who has already contracted the illness can spread it to others. After recovering from dengue fever, a person can be immune for a lifetime. 

What are the significant signs and symptoms of dengue fever?

The dengue symptoms usually tend to develop after four to five days and they can last for about 10 to 15 days based on the severity of the infection. The most common symptoms of dengue fever include:

  • Nausea
  • Sudden raise in body temperature (fever)
  • Experiencing pain behind eyes
  • Severe headaches
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • Severe fatigue
  • Vomiting 

In case you develop any of these symptoms, reach out to a general medicine hospital in Coimbatore to seek immediate medical attention.

What are the precautions to take in the prevention of dengue fever?

To prevent the dengue fever there are certain tips to follow, the precaution tips include:

Eliminate the breeding of mosquitoes:

One of the most effective ways to prevent dengue is to eliminate potential breeding grounds for mosquitoes. This involves a proactive approach to reduce standing water around your home and community. 

Avoid standing water:

Mosquitoes lay their eggs in stagnant water. Regularly inspect and empty containers that collect water, such as flower pots, bird baths, and clogged gutters. 

Cover water storage containers:

Ensure that water storage containers, such as tanks and barrels, are tightly covered to prevent mosquitoes from laying eggs in them.

Maintain clean drains:

Unclog and clean drains regularly, as these can be breeding grounds for mosquitoes. Proper drainage reduces the likelihood of stagnant water accumulation. 

Personal protection measures:

While controlling mosquito breeding sites is crucial, personal protection measures are also essential to avoid mosquito bites and reduce the risk of dengue infections:

Use mosquito repellants:

Apply insect repellants on exposed skin to keep the mosquitoes away. Look for effective ingredients that help in preventing mosquito bites. 

Wear protective clothing:

When going to the mosquito-prone areas or during peak mosquito activity times, wear long sleeved shirts, long shirts, long pants, socks, shoes to minimize exposed skin. 

Install mosquito screens:

Keep windows and doors screened to prevent mosquitoes from entering your living spaces. If possible, sleep under a mosquito net, especially in areas where dengue is prevalent. Especially in areas where dengue is common. 

Keep your house lit:

Mosquitoes typically lay their eggs in small, dark areas. Make sure your home doesn’t attract mosquitoes by letting the sun shine through the windows throughout the day. Make sure all doors and windows are shut and have mosquito screens covering them for additional security.

Take the needed travel precautions:

Dengue is prevalent in many tropical and subtropical regions. If you plan to travel to such areas, take additional precautions to reduce the risk of dengue infection. 

Stay informed:

Before traveling, research the dengue risk in the destination. Stay informed about recent outbreaks and take necessary precautions for dengue

Use bed nets:

When staying in accommodations without screened windows, use bed nets treated with insecticide to prevent mosquito bites while sleeping. 

Pack adequate supplies:

Carry a mosquito repellant, wear clothes that cover most of the body. And carry protective gear if needed. Being prepared can significantly help in the dengue prevention and control

Recognize and managing dengue:

Despite taking preventive measures, it’s essential to be aware about the dengue symptoms. Early detection and proper management can prevent the disease from progressing further. 

Know the symptoms:

Familiarize yourself with the common signs of dengue, including severe fever, headache, and other common symptoms mentioned earlier. Seek medical attention if you experience these symptoms, especially if you live in or recently traveled to dengue prone places. 

Stay hydrated:

In the absence of specific antiviral treatment for dengue, supportive care is crucial. Stay well-hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids, especially if you have developed high fever. 

Medical consultation:

If you suspect you have dengue or are exhibiting symptoms, seek prompt medical attention. Early diagnosis and proper medical care can prevent complications associated with dengue. 

How long is the recovery time for dengue fever?

Over the next seven to ten days, the illness will progressively improve from the initial high fever period.

Can dengue infection spread?

Since dengue fever is not contagious, it cannot be transferred directly from one person to another. A person may contract dengue fever more than once because the illness is caused by multiple viruses

Is dengue fever a serious condition

Certain individuals experience severe dengue and hospital care. Dengue can be fatal in severe cases. By avoiding mosquito bites, particularly during the day, you can reduce your risk of contracting dengue.

Important Takeaway:

Dengue fever is a preventable disease, and by taking the right precautions and adopting a community-wide approach, we can significantly reduce its impact. Eliminating mosquito breeding sites, practicing personal protection measures, engaging in community initiatives, and staying informed during travel are essential steps in the fight against dengue. Consult a top general medicine specialist in Coimbatore if you are looking for dengue treatment.

dengue fever - Sriramakrishnahospital

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