Top 4 Reasons Why a Baby is Born Premature

premature birth - Sriramakrishnahospital

The birth of a baby is typically a joyous occasion, eagerly anticipated by parents and loved ones. However, when a baby is born prematurely, before 37 weeks of gestation, it can be a cause for concern and necessitate specialized medical attention. Premature birth can pose challenges to the health and development of the newborn. 

What is meant by premature birth?

A baby born too early, or roughly three weeks ahead of schedule, is referred to as a preterm, premature, or “preemie” baby. Fetal development during a typical pregnancy lasts roughly 40 weeks. Births that are preterm happen at 37 weeks or earlier. There could be major health risks for both the mother and the child from this early or premature birth.

Are premature deliveries quite common?

Back in the day, premature births were not quite common, but in recent days premature deliveries are quite common and India has been one of the top countries with the highest number of premature births. Consult a best hospital for neonatology in Coimbatore to provide the best care and treatment for your preterm babies.

What are the top reasons for a premature birth?

A premature birth may occur due to various reasons, but the most common causes include:

The impact of twins, triplets or more:

One significant factor contributing to premature birth is the occurrence of multiple pregnancies such as twins or triplets. Carrying more than one baby adds additional strain on the mother’s uterus, often leading to premature contractions and an increased likelihood of early labor. The uterus may struggle to adequately support and nourish multiple fetuses, prompting the body to initiate labor prematurely. 

In cases of multiple pregnancies, the risk of preterm birth is further increased due to factors like insufficient spacing between pregnancies, advanced maternal age, or even in vitro fertilization (IVF). The complex dynamics of carrying more than one baby can result in the early arrival of these little bundles. 

Maternal conditions like chronic illness:

Maternal health plays a major role in the duration of pregnancy, and certain chronic conditions can increase the risk of premature birth. Conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, and autoimmune disorders demand constant management throughout pregnancy. Women with chronic illnesses may experience complications that require preterm delivery. 

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes:

One of the most prevalent issues connected to diabetes and pregnancy is premature birth. However, controlling your blood sugar levels both before and during your pregnancy will reduce the chance, this has been one of the major reasons for preterm labor.


A condition known as preeclampsia develops in certain pregnant women. It is a result of both proteinuria (a condition where the protein is high in urine) and unmanaged high blood pressure. Usually preeclampsia appears after 20 weeks of pregnancy or shortly after delivery. This condition can be both mild and severe. 

Placenta previa:

The placenta may cover all or part of the cervix, or the neck of the womb, when it attaches low down in the uterus. The placenta usually rises and moves out of the way as pregnancy progresses, but in some cases it doesn’t. 

If the placenta is less than 20 mm from the cervix, this condition is referred to as a low-lying placenta, if it covers the cervix, it is referred to as placenta previa. You have an increased risk of preterm birth if you have placenta previa.

Infections and complications:

Infections during pregnancy can significantly elevate the risk of preterm birth. Certain bacterial infections, such as urinary tract infections, and infections of the amniotic fluid or fetal membranes can trigger inflammation and stimulate contractions, and has been one of the causes of early delivery. Timely detection and treatment of infections are crucial to manage the risk of preterm birth and its potential complications.

Additionally, complications such as placental abruption, where the placenta separates from the uterine wall prematurely, or an incompetent cervix,  which may dilate early leading to an early delivery. 

Lifestyle impact factors like stress:

High levels of stress, whether due to personal, environmental, or workplace factors can also contribute to premature birth. Chronic stress activates the body’s “fight or flight” response, releasing stress hormones that may trigger contractions and early labor. Addressing lifestyle factors and providing support for pregnant individuals to make healthier choices are crucial components of prenatal care to minimize the risk of premature birth. 

What are the health conditions that a mother can experience after undergoing a preterm labor?

The entire family may experience severe emotional effects from a premature birth. Individuals who experience premature labor are more likely to:

  • Difficulties with bonding with the baby
  • Anxiety
  • Postpartum depression
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Does all preterm labor result in preterm birth?

Preterm labor can occasionally end without a baby being born. The labor may end on its own or with appropriate medical care.

Your doctor might suggest certain medications to halt or postpone labor if you experience preterm labor. 

What are the tips to prevent a premature birth?

Although there isn’t a single way to stop preterm birth, you can lower your risk of it by doing the following:

  • Reduce the levels of stress
  • Eat a balanced and nutritious diet
  • Undergo prenatal checkups as recommended
  • Give yourself at least 18 months gap between pregnancies

Important Takeaway:

The reasons behind premature birth are multifaceted, involving a complex interplay of maternal health, lifestyle factors, and sometimes mysterious circumstances. By addressing potential risk factors and providing appropriate interventions, healthcare providers can work collaboratively with expectant parents to promote a healthy pregnancy and enhance the chances of a full-term delivery. Reach out to premature care in Coimbatore if you are looking for premature birth or labor treatment.

premature birth - Sriramakrishnahospital

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