Why we need to care about interstitial lung disease?

interstitial lung disease - Sriramakrishnahospital

Interstitial lung disease refers to a vast group of conditions, the majority of which result in progressive scarring of lung tissue. Scarring caused by interstitial lung disease interferes with your capacity to breathe and absorb sufficient oxygen into your system.

Long-term exposure to harmful substances, such as asbestos, can result in interstitial lung disease. Some autoinflammatory disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis, can also induce interstitial lung disease. However, in certain circumstances, the causes remain unknown.

Scarring in the lungs typically cannot be reversed once it has been established. Interstitial lung disease is a progressive condition that can be treated with medication, but many patients never regain complete control of their lung function. Those who suffer from interstitial lung disease may have the opportunity to have a lung transplant.

Understanding the signs of interstitial lung disease:

The majority of patients who have breathing disease have symptoms that make it difficult to breathe, including the following:

  • Uneasy and shallow breaths
  • coughing, which is most of the time ineffective
  • Reduced capacity for physical activity
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of weight

Here are the major causes of interstitial lung disease:

There are around 200 factors that can lead to ILD. ILD is broken down into its component disorders according to the factors that led to its development. The following categories of ILD are included:

ILD related to another health disorder: 

The presence of an autoimmune disease can lead to the development of ILD in certain individuals (the immune system harms the body). Scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, polymyositis/dermatomyositis, lupus, and sarcoidosis are all examples of autoimmune illnesses. Other examples include sarcoidosis.

Inhaling toxic compounds can lead to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (ILD): 

People who breathe in harmful particles including coal dust, asbestos, tobacco smoke, or hairdressing chemicals are at risk for developing ILD.

Genetic ILD: 

When a disease is passed down from one generation to the next within a family, this is known as a genetic ILD. Among these disorders are neurofibromatosis and Gaucher disease. Neurofibromatosis is a disease in which tumours form on nerves (marked by enlargement of internal organs, including the spleen and liver, and lesions on the bones).

The various types of interstitial lung disease can include:

Asbestosis: 

Acute lung injury as a result of asbestos-related inhalation inflammation and scarring.

Bronchiolitis obliterans: 

Obstructions in the smallest airways of the lungs, termed bronchioles, are the result of this disease.

Coal worker’s pneumoconiosis: 

Pulmonary illness is caused by coal dust inhalation (also called black lung disease).

Chronic silicosis: 

An illness of the lungs brought on by exposure to the mineral silica

Connective tissue-related pulmonary fibrosis: 

The disease affects some persons with connective tissue diseases, such as scleroderma and Sjogren syndrome.

Desquamative interstitial pneumonitis: 

Smokers are more likely to have a disorder that causes lung inflammation and is more prevalent.

Familial pulmonary fibrosis: 

A lung scarring condition that affects at least two members of the same family.

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis: 

Inflammation of the alveoli brought on by inhaling allergens or other irritants.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: 

An illness of unknown origin characterized by the formation of scar tissue throughout the lung tissue.

Sarcoidosis: 

A condition characterized by the formation of tiny clusters of inflammatory cells in organs such as the lungs and lymph glands. Each condition has various stages of interstitial lung disease where the treatment is dependent on the stage and severity.

Interstitial cystitis is treatable, and the interstitial lung disease treatment consists of the following steps:

Dealing with this issue is possible in a variety of different ways. No one is able to accurately forecast which patients will derive the greatest benefit from certain medications. The symptoms of chronic cystitis can either get worse or go completely. Even if the symptoms have been eliminated, it is possible that they will resurface after a few days, weeks, months, or even years.

Here are the methods adopted to identify the lung disease:

It might be difficult to identify and pin down the root cause of interstitial lung disease. This umbrella term encompasses a wide variety of diseases and conditions. In addition, the signs and symptoms of a wide variety of other medical disorders might be similar to those of interstitial lung disease, and the physician must eliminate all of these possibilities before making a conclusive diagnosis. Depending on these results interstitial lung disease treatment is recommended by the specialists.

Computerized tomography (CT) scan:

This imaging test is important for diagnosing interstitial lung disease and is sometimes the first step. CT scanners use a computer to put together X-ray pictures taken from many different angles to make cross-sectional pictures of structures inside the body. Interstitial lung disease can cause damage to the lungs, and a high-resolution CT scan can help figure out how bad it is. It can show specifics about the fibrosis, which can help narrow down the diagnosis and guide decisions about how to treat it.

Echocardiogram:

An echocardiogram is like a sonogram of the heart. It uses sound waves to take a picture of the heart. It can make still pictures of the structures of your heart and videos that show how your heart is working. With this test, you can find out how much pressure is on the right side of your heart.

Here’s the interstitial lung disease treatment guidelines:

The scarring of the lungs that occurs as a result of interstitial lung disease cannot be reversed, and there is no guarantee that treatment will be successful in halting the eventual progression of the disease. Some treatments have the potential to temporarily relieve symptoms or to delay the progression of the disease. The presence of other people improves one’s quality of life.

It may be possible to participate in a clinical trial in order to acquire an experimental treatment. This is due to the fact that many of the various forms of scarring illnesses do not have any approved or proven medicines.

Oxygen therapy:

A tube placed in the nose that delivers more oxygen through the tube can make breathing easier. This treatment increases the amount of oxygen in the blood, making each breath a more effective contributor to overall health.

Pulmonary and exercise therapy: 

Lung fitness can be improved with the use of breathing exercises and greater physical activity.

The severity of the patient’s disease and the underlying cause of their ILD both play a role in determining the patient’s prognosis. Many people who have mild ILD do not require therapy because they are able to operate properly throughout their entire lives. Their condition may remain unchanged (i.e., it does not get any better). Reach out to a lungs specialist in Coimbatore to undergo advanced lung treatment.

People who have more severe forms of ILD may see the progression of the disease over time (gets worse over time). It’s possible that some individuals will require ongoing treatment and therapy for the remainder of their lives in order to effectively manage their symptoms.


interstitial lung disease - Sriramakrishnahospital

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