Endoscopic Sinus Surgery: Everything you need to know

Endoscopic Sinus Surgery - Sriramakrishnahospital

This surgical procedure is used to cure chronic sinusitis, remove polyps from the sinuses, and treat various other medical issues. Sinus surgery is often reserved for patients with chronic, severe sinus problems that cannot be managed with medicines alone. 

Infected sinus tissue, bone, or polyps may be removed during surgery. Several options for sinus surgery exist that are less intrusive and promote a speedy recovery.

What are the significant reasons to undergo sinus surgery?

Sinus surgery could be useful for treating several illnesses that cause similar symptoms. Sinusitis would be among the most prevalent. Stuffy nose, pressure in the eyes and forehead, coughing, nasal drainage, and other symptoms are all caused by the inflammation of the sinuses and tubes that characterizes sinusitis.

Nasal polyp removal is another frequent surgical procedure. Polyps, or enlargement of the nasal lining, are the cause of enlarged polyps or polyp clusters. If they swell, a person may have trouble tasting things and develop sinus infections due to blocked nasal passages.

When the nasal septum is crooked, air cannot flow freely through the nose. In rare cases, surgery is necessary to restore normal airflow after non-responding to sinus infection treatments that shrink the swollen nasal tissue that may be contributing to the deviation. Reach out to an ENT hospital in Coimbatore if you are looking for sinus treatment in Coimbatore.

Is endoscopic surgery worth undergoing?

Having chronic sinusitis isn’t life-threatening, but it can be very uncomfortable. Sinus problems can often be cured by minimally invasive sinus surgeries, including functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) and balloon sinuplasty. If you are considering sinus surgery but are worried about the potential risks, it is best to discuss your options with a doctor. Before providing a recommendation, they will look at your medical history and current sinus condition.

The various types of sinus surgeries that are available for sinus infection treatment:

Turbinate Reduction:

The turbinates are a collection of tiny structures inside the nose that filter and moisten the air before it is inhaled. They consist of a bone framework covered in vascular tissue and a mucous membrane; when irritated, infected, or enlarged, these structures can block the nasal airways and cause congestion by creating an excess of mucus.

For better nasal airflow, needle-like equipment called a radiofrequency turbinate reducer can be placed into the turbinates and used to send energy to the tissue, causing controlled damage. It takes about 10 minutes to complete and can be done in an office with a local anesthetic.


Surgery for a blocked nose, also called septoplasty, is used to fix problems with the nasal septum (the partition between the nostrils). The septum, a wall of bone and cartilage in the nose’s middle, is responsible for that function. As the septum shifts, it can block off airflow to one side of the nose and cause substantial discomfort.

Removing the deviated section and reshaping the remaining bone and cartilage, a septoplasty seeks to realign the septum in the midline position and open the airway.


A rhinoseptoplasty may be necessary to correct nasal airflow obstruction when the septal deviation is more complex or when there is an accompanying deformity on the nasal exterior section or nasal valve.


Rhinoplasty is another name for nose jobs performed for cosmetic purposes. Nose surgery can shorten or lengthen the nose, widen or narrow the nostrils, alter the angle between the nose and upper lip, and alter the shape of the nose’s tip or bridge. As a bonus, it helps with breathing issues.

Bone and cartilage are reshaped during rhinoplasty. The surgeon operating on the nose can either make an incision within the nose and work from the inside or make an incision across the tissue separating the nostrils and work from the outside. The latter method is commonly described as an “open” one.

Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS):

FESS is a process that uses a magnifying endoscope to inspect the sinuses and remove any damaged tissue or bone. It is likely one of the most popular sinus surgery methods available today. It’s reconstructive to open the link between the sinuses and nose. 

The outcome should be healthier tissue allowing the nose to function normally, with improved drainage, fewer obstructions, and the flushing out of any infectious material. The word “endoscopic” denotes that this is a minimally invasive technique. 

Your otolaryngologist will make tiny cuts inside your nose so that a thin, flexible tube equipped with a camera and light (an endoscope) can be inserted. The FESS procedure is frequently combined with others, such as septoplasty, which are all methods of surgically treating sinus problems. This procedure only needs to be performed by experts, so consult the best doctors for endoscopic sinus surgery.

Balloon sinuplasty:

Sinusitis can be treated with a procedure called balloon sinuplasty, which is minimally invasive. Medical professionals insert a tiny balloon into the nasal cavity with an endoscope and catheter assistance. The balloon is inflated to enlarge the opening to your sinuses. 

The goal of undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery:

This operation is meant to enhance nasal breathing and sinus drainage. Endoscopic sinus surgery aims to do the following.

An improvement in sinus health and a decrease in the frequency and severity of infections

  • The reduction of sinusitis symptoms
  • Facilitation of nasal breathing
  • Enhancement of sensory abilities
  • The sinuses may be cleaned, and medications can be delivered via nasal rinses.

The importance of nasal irrigation after sinus surgery:

After sinus surgery, nasal irrigation can help clear the sinuses of mucus and debris, reducing the risk of infection. Some drugs can be used in a nasal irrigation device that your doctor may prescribe. If your healthcare team has instructed you to continue nasal irrigation, do so.

Sinus surgery can be an easy and safe answer to your sinus problems if you have been suffering from sinus discomfort and congestion for a long time. The majority of sinus operations are considered minimally invasive, and they typically provide almost instantaneous relief from sinus pressure and pain in addition to healing sinus infections. Speak to your otolaryngologist to better understand the cost of endoscopic sinus surgery to make an informed decision.

Endoscopic Sinus Surgery - Sriramakrishnahospital

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