Is sore throat a serious complication?

Sore Throat

An itchy, scratchy, or painful condition of the throat that gets worse as you swallow is known as a sore throat. A cold or the flu virus is one of the most prevalent causes of a sore throat (pharyngitis). A virus-induced sore throat will subside on its own.

Sometimes the first sign you have a cold or the flu is the raw, scratchy, burning sensation in your throat. You should keep an eye on it because it could be an early sign of anything more serious.

There is a less frequent but potentially dangerous form of a sore throat caused by bacteria known as strep throat (infection with streptococcal bacteria). Other, less common reasons for a sore throat may necessitate a more extensive treatment plan.

Understanding the warning signs that might indicate a sore throat

There are many different causes of a sore throat, and each one has its own set of symptoms. Symptoms and indicators may include the following:

  • Severe discomfort in the throat
  • Pain that intensifies with swallowing or talking
  • Trouble while swallowing
  • Glands in the neck or jaw area that are inflamed
  • Swollen, red tonsils
  • Toxic discharge from the tonsils
  • Hoarseness or muffledness in the voice

How is a sore throat caused?

Between the tonsils and the voice box (pharynx), a pharynx’s swollen area causes pharyngitis (larynx).

Colds, flu, coxsackievirus, or mono are the most common causes of a sore throat (mononucleosis).

Bacteria cause some cases of pharyngitis

  • The organism that causes strep throat is Group A streptococcus.
  • Bacterial illnesses like gonorrhea and chlamydia can cause a sore throat.
  • There are a lot of cases of pharyngitis in wintertime. Friends and family members might easily become infected with the disease.

Other things that can cause a sore throat are


Sore throats can be brought on by allergies to pet dander, mildew, dust, or pollen. Throat irritation and inflammation from postnasal drip might further exacerbate the condition.

Dry mouth:

Your throat may feel dry and scratchy if you spend a lot of time inside. A dry, scratchy throat can be a side effect of breathing through your mouth, which is typically caused by chronic nasal congestion.


A chronic sore throat can be caused by both outdoor air pollution and inside pollutants, such as cigarette smoke or chemicals. Throat irritation can also be caused by chewing cigarettes, drinking alcohol, and consuming spicy meals.

When should you visit a specialist in case you have a sore throat:

For the vast majority of people, at-home sore throat treatment is enough to alleviate symptoms. To be on the safe side, you should go to the doctor as soon as you notice any of the following: a persistent sore throat, a fever of more than 101 degrees, difficulties sleeping due to swelling of the tonsils/adenoids, or any sort of red rash.

It is possible that you have a bacterial infection if you experience any of the following symptoms: You may be prescribed antibiotics by your doctor if you have an illness. A doctor may prescribe a tonsillitis treatment in adults with recurrent bacterial throat infections.

  • Severe pain in the throat
  • difficulty while swallowing
  • difficulty breathing, or excruciating pain when you breathe
  • painful joints
  • Trouble opening mouth
  • Fahrenheit temperatures of more than 101 degrees Celsius (38 degrees Celsius)
  • an earache with blood in it, a stiff neck, or both
  • more than a week-long bout of sore throat

Diagnostic tests involved in identifying sore throat

  • Examining the neck and, more than likely, the ears and the nasal passages using a lit instrument
  • Use a stethoscope to listen to your or your child’s breathing.

Throat swab

Strep throat is caused by streptococcal bacteria, which can be detected with an easy-to-use test. Doctors use swabs to collect samples of secretions from the back of the throat, which are then sent for testing at a laboratory to detect infection in the throat. Within a few minutes, many clinics have labs that can provide quick antigen test results. A throat culture can also be sent to a lab that delivers results within 24 to 48 hours.

Strep bacteria can be detected fast with rapid antigen assays, although they are not as accurate. If the antigen test comes back negative, the doctor may send a throat culture to a lab for strep throat testing.

How to get rid of a sore throat

It is common for doctors and pediatricians to give antibiotics for sore throats caused by bacterial infections.

Even if you or your kid are no longer experiencing any sore throat symptoms, you must take the specified course of antibiotics. The infection may get worse or spread to other places of the body if you don’t take all of the prescribed treatment.

A child is more likely to develop rheumatic fever or severe kidney irritation if an antibiotic treatment for strep throat is not completed.

Is it important to get a sore throat treated?

The complications of strep throat, such as renal inflammation or rheumatoid fever, might occur if the disease is not addressed. Rheumatoid arthritis, a rash, and heart valve damage are all possible side effects of rheumatic fever. Reach out to the sore throat specialist in Coimbatore in case you are looking for sore throat treatment.

Even while a sore throat might be bothersome, the majority of cases aren’t life-threatening and will go away on their own. Symptoms can be relieved with over-the-counter and home remedies.

However, if a person’s symptoms are severe or chronic or having difficulty breathing, they should seek medical attention. Antibiotics will be prescribed if the cause is determined to be a bacterial illness, such as strep throat.

Sore throat - Sriramakrishnahospital

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Blogs


395, Sarojini Naidu Rd, New Siddhapudur, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641044.

Opening Hours

We are available


Get in Touch

Do you have any queries/feedback to share with us? Please write to us in the form towards your right & we'll get back to you within 4 hours.
  • Facebook
  • Instagram
  • YouTube
  • Twitter
  • LinkedIn
  • Pinterest
  • Play Store
  • Apple App Store